The purpose of this study verify the immediate effect of whole body vibration (WBV) on quadriceps muscle strength, functional mobility and balance in elderly patients with Osteopenia and/or Osteoporosis.
This was a randomized pragmatic clinical trial with 34 elderly (32 women) randomly assigned to two groups: the experimental group (EG; n = 17) who underwent low-frequency (16 Hz) WBV and the control group (CG; n = 17) who performed the walk. Outcome measures were: quadriceps muscle strength measured by a maximal repetition test (1RM); functional mobility assessed by the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and balance assessed by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS).
In within-group interaction, a significant increase was observed in quadriceps muscle strength (EG:p = 0.047) and balance (EG: p = 0,012; CG: p = 0,007). In between-groups interaction, a significant difference was not observed. There was an increase in the muscular strength of the EG and in the balance in both groups.
An WBV training session was able to alter the muscular strength of the LQ and the balance of the elderly with Osteopenia and/or Osteoporosis. It is suggested, however, that future studies involving larger sample number and/or populations should be developed to analyze the short-term effects of WBV.
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Whole body vibration
Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials
Laboratório de Cinesioterapia e Recursos Terapêuticos Manuais
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
Free and Informed Consent Form
Body mass index
Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire
One repetition maximum
Berg Balance Scale
Timed Up and Go
Systolic blood pressure
Diastolic blood pressure
- SpO 2:
Mean Arterial Pressure
Statistical Package for Social Science
First lumbar vertebra
Fourth lumbar vertebra
Bone mineral densitometry
- T :
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APQ-0337-4.08/13 - FACEPE – Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco.
Ethics approval and consent to participate
This study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the CCS / UFPE (opinion no 2.452.339), respecting the ethical aspects of Resolution 466/12 of the National Health Council and the Declaration of Helsinki. All participants signed the FICF after being informed of the objectives, risks and benefits of the research.
Luanda Alves Xavier Ramos, François Talles Medeiros Rodrigues, Lívia Shirahige, Maria de Fátima Alcântara Barros, Antônio Geraldo Cidrão de Carvalho, Marcelo Renato Guerino, Ana Paula de Lima Ferreira, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra and Maria das Graças Rodrigues de Araújo declare that they have no competing interests.
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Ramos, L.A.X., Rodrigues, F.T.M., Shirahige, L. et al. A single whole body vibration session influences quadriceps muscle strength, functional mobility and balance of elderly with osteopenia and/or osteoporosis? Pragmatic clinical trial. J Diabetes Metab Disord 18, 73–80 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40200-019-00392-4
- Muscle strength
- Postural equilibrium