Hot Tensile Behaviors and Microstructure Evolution of Ti-6Al-4V Titanium Alloy Under Electropulsing
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The effect of electropulsing on the mechanical behaviors and microstructures of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy was investigated by an uniaxial tensile test. Compared to the value measured in cold tensile test, the alloy exhibits lower ultimate tensile strength when the tensile deformation is assisted by electropulsing. The tensile elongation is found to vary non-monotonically with increasing root mean square (RMS) current density. Though decreasing at first, the tensile elongation increases with current density once the value exceeds 8.1 A/mm2. Through applying current with RMS current density of 12.7 A/mm2, the tensile elongation at strain rate 0.001 s−1 can be improved by 94.1%. In addition, it is observed that more remarkable electroplastic effect is induced by the higher peak current density under similar thermal effect. Microstructure analysis reveals that the low plasticity at 8.1 A/mm2 is attributed to the micro-void easily formation near the tips of acicular β phases. The enhanced ductility at higher current densities, on the other hand, is attributed to the dynamic recrystallization.
KeywordsTi-6Al-4V alloy Electropulsing Mechanical properties Microstructure Fracture morphology
This work is supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (No. ZR2016EEM25).
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