In this article, the micro-structural evolution and mechanical performance of similar and dissimilar friction stir welded (FSWed) joints of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and polycarbonate (PC) plates were studied. All the joints (similar ABS-ABS, PC-PC, and dissimilar ABS-PC) were designed under the same process parameters of tool rotational speed (800, 1200, and 1600 rpm), tool traverse speed (0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 mm/s), and tool tilt angle (0°, 1°, and 2°) following an L27 orthogonal array. A joint efficiency of 91.70%, 61.04%, and 64.47% was obtained for similar joints (ABS-ABS, PC-PC) and dissimilar joints (ABS-PC), respectively. The ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and joint efficiency of ABS-PC joints lie in-between the efficiency of ABS-ABS and PC-PC joints for most of the operating parameters which indicate successful joining in contrast to the application of similar welded joints. The UTS, fracture locations, microstructures, and Shore D hardness have been analyzed extensively to evaluate the effects of processing parameters.
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Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene
Friction stir welding
Tool rotational speed
Tool traverse speed
Tool tilt angle
Design of experiment
Thermo-mechanically affected zone
Heat affected zone
Ultimate tensile strength
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The authors would like to thank the Advanced Centre for Materials Science, IIT Kanpur for testing (Mechanical Testing Lab).
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Kumar, S., Roy, B.S. A comparative analysis on friction stir welding of similar and dissimilar polymers: acrylonitrile butadiene styrene and polycarbonate plates. Weld World 66, 1141–1153 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40194-022-01294-5