ICME Framework for Simulation of Microstructure and Property Evolution During Gas Metal Arc Welding in DP980 Steel

Abstract

An integrated computational materials engineering (ICME)-based workflow was adopted for the study of microstructure and property evolution at the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of gas metal arc-welded DP980 steel. The macroscale simulation of the welding process was performed with finite element method (FEM) implemented in Simufact Welding® software and was experimentally validated. The time–temperature profile at HAZ obtained from FEM simulation was physically simulated using Gleeble 3800® thermo-mechanical simulator with a dilatometer attachment. The resulting phase transformations and microstructure were studied experimentally. The austenite-to-ferrite and austenite-to-bainite transformations during cooling at HAZ were simulated using the Johnson–Mehl–Avrami–Kolmogorov (JMAK) equation implemented in JMatPro® software and with phase-field modeling implemented in Micress® software. The phase fractions and the phase transformation kinetics simulated by phase-field method agreed well with experiments. A single scaling factor introduced in JMatPro® software minimized the deviation between calculations and experiments. Asymptotic homogenization implemented in Homat® software was used to calculate the effective macroscale thermo-elastic properties from the phase-field simulated microstructure. FEM-based virtual uniaxial tensile test with Abaqus® software was used to calculate the effective macroscale flow curves from the phase-field simulated microstructure. The flow curve from virtual test simulation showed good agreement with the flow curve obtained with tensile test in Gleeble®. An ICME-based vertical integration workflow in two stages is proposed. With this ICME workflow, effective properties at the macroscale could be obtained by taking microstructure morphology and orientation into consideration.

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Data Availability

The data that support the results of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Indo-German Science and Technology Centre (IGSTC), New Delhi, India, for the project ‘DP-Forge’ and Center for Excellence in Iron and Steel Technology (CoExiST), IIT Madras. The authors would also like to acknowledge JSW Steel, Karnataka, India, for providing the material for research.

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Correspondence to M. J. Deepu.

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Deepu, M.J., Phanikumar, G. ICME Framework for Simulation of Microstructure and Property Evolution During Gas Metal Arc Welding in DP980 Steel. Integr Mater Manuf Innov 9, 228–239 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40192-020-00182-4

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Keywords

  • Phase-field simulation
  • Dual-phase steel
  • Microstructure evolution
  • Welding
  • ICME
  • Vertical integration