Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 353–366 | Cite as

Modelling Inland Waterborne Transport for Supply Chain Policy Planning: An Indian Perspective

  • Pradeep Kumar
  • Abid Haleem
  • Furqan Qamar
  • Urfi Khan
Original Research


This paper identifies and models enablers of inland water transport mode in India. A well-known technique of Total Interpretive Structural Modelling (TISM) has been used to develop the hierarchal structural model. The input to this model has come from an extensive literature review, Pentagon model based stakeholder analysis, after which several idea engineering workshops were conducted involving stakeholders. The structural model so developed is based upon ten enablers. However, this model was further analysed using Fuzzy-MICMAC and TISM approach. The extensive analysis in integrated model pointed towards the major driving power with the enablers ‘Regulator’, and ‘Incentives’.  ‘Project Management’ came at the centre of the framework driven by other enablers like ‘Fairway’, ‘Private Investment’, ‘Public funding’, and ‘Cargo assurance’. This model depicts the practical use of multimodal transport in Inland waterborne transportation. Multimodal transport enhances supply chain flexibility by improving its logistics flexibility component. This model has been adopted and is successfully creating value for the government as well as for the private partners, and tells a successful story of public-private partnership in Inland Waterborne Transportation.


Cargo assurance Fuzzy MICMAC Inland waterborne transport (IWT) Policy planning Project management Public funding Supply chain Total interpretive structural modelling (TISM) 



We are grateful to the experts from Ministry of Shipping, Government of India, for their valuable inputs in making the model and implementing the same.


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Copyright information

© Global Institute of Flexible Systems Management 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradeep Kumar
    • 1
  • Abid Haleem
    • 2
  • Furqan Qamar
    • 3
  • Urfi Khan
    • 4
  1. 1.Internal Finance & Budgetary Control, Ministry of PowerDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringJamia Millia IslamiaDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Central University of Himachal PradeshDharamsalaIndia
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical & Automation EngineeringIndira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for WomenDelhiIndia

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