Skip to main content

Microstructural regulation, oxidation resistance, and mechanical properties of Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites prepared by chemical vapor infiltration with precursor infiltration pyrolysis

Abstract

To further improve the oxidation resistance of polymer derived ceramic (PDC) composites in harsh environments, Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites were prepared by chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) and precursor impregnation pyrolysis (PIP) methods. The weight retention change, mechanical properties, and microstructure of Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC before and after oxidation in air were studied in details. Microscopic analyses showed that only the interface between the ceramics and fibers was oxidized to some extent, and hafnium had been enriched on the composite surface after oxidizing at different temperature. The main oxidation products of Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites were HfO2 and HfSiO4 after oxidation at 1500 °C for 60 min. Moreover, the weight retention ratio and compressive strength of the Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites are 83.97% and 23.88±3.11 MPa, respectively. It indicates that the Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites should be promising to be used for a short time in the oxidation environment at 1500 °C.

References

  1. [1]

    Arai Y, Inoue R, Goto K, et al. Carbon fiber reinforced ultra-high temperature ceramic matrix composites: A review. Ceram Int 2019, 45: 14481–14489.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. [2]

    Luan X, Yuan J, Wang J, et al. Laser ablation behavior of Cf/SiHfBCN ceramic matrix composites. J Eur Ceram Soc 2016, 36: 3761–3768.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. [3]

    Lyu Y, Tang H, Zhao GD. Effect of Hf and B incorporation on the SiOC precursor architecture and high-temperature oxidation behavior of SiHfBOC ceramics. J Eur Ceram Soc 2020, 40: 324–332.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. [4]

    Cheng J, Wang XZ, Wang J, et al. Synthesis of a novel single-source precursor for HfC ceramics and its feasibility for the preparation of Hf-based ceramic fibers. Ceram Int 2018, 44: 7305–7309.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. [5]

    Singh M, Ohji T, Dong S, et al. Advances in High Temperature Ceramic Matrix Composites and Materials for Sustainable Development. John Wiley and Sons Press, 2017.

  6. [6]

    Colombo P, Mera G, Riedel R, et al. Polymer-derived ceramics: 40 years of research and innovation in advanced ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 2010, 93: 1805–1837.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. [7]

    Cheng YH, Liu YX, An YM, et al. High thermal-conductivity rGO/ZrB2-SiC ceramics consolidated from ZrB2-SiC particles decorated GO hybrid foam with enhanced thermal shock resistance. J Eur Ceram Soc 2020, 40: 2760–2767.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. [8]

    Lee SH, Lun F, Chung K. Ultra-high temperature ceramics-ceramic matrix composites (UHTC-CMC). Compos Res 2017, 30: 94–101.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. [9]

    Cheng YH, An YM, Liu YX, et al. ZrB2-based “brick-and-mortar” composites achieving the synergy of superior damage tolerance and ablation resistance. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2020, 12: 33246–33255.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. [10]

    Cheng YH, Lyu Y, Han WB, et al. Multiscale toughening of ZrB2-SiC-graphene@ZrB2-SiC dual composite ceramics. J Am Ceram Soc 2019, 102: 2041–2052.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. [11]

    Zhang XH, Liu C, Hong CQ, et al. Sol-gel-derived SiBOC ceramics with highly graphitized free carbon. Ceram Int 2015, 41: 15292–15296.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. [12]

    Papendorf B, Ionescu E, Kleebe HJ, et al. High-temperature creep behavior of dense SiOC-based ceramic nanocomposites: Microstructural and phase composition effects. J Am Ceram Soc 2013, 96: 272–280.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. [13]

    Harshe R, Balan C, Riedel R. Amorphous Si(Al)OC ceramic from polysiloxanes: Bulk ceramic processing, crystallization behavior and applications. J Eur Ceram Soc 2004, 24: 3471–3482.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. [14]

    Miao Y, Yang ZH, Zhu QS, et al. Thermal ablation behavior of SiBCN-Zr composites prepared by reactive spark plasma sintering. Ceram Int 2017, 43: 7978–7983.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. [15]

    Yuan J, Luan X, Riedel R, et al. Preparation and hydrothermal corrosion behavior of Cf/SiCN and Cf/SiHfBCN ceramic matrix composites. J Eur Ceram Soc 2015, 35: 3329–3337.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. [16]

    Siqueira RL, Yoshida IVP, Pardini LC, et al. Poly(borosiloxanes) as precursors for carbon fiber ceramic matrix composites. Mater Res 2007, 10: 147–151.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. [17]

    Rubio V, Ramanujam P, Cousinet S, et al. Thermal properties and performance of carbon fiber-based ultra-high temperature ceramic matrix composites (Cf-UHTCMCs). J Am Ceram Soc 2020, 103: 3788–3796.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. [18]

    Yan CL, Liu RJ, Zhang CR, et al. Effects of SiC/HfC ratios on the ablation and mechanical properties of 3D Cf/HfC-SiC composites. J Eur Ceram Soc 2017, 37: 2343–2351.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. [19]

    Binner J, Porter M, Baker B, et al. Selection, processing, properties and applications of ultra-high temperature ceramic matrix composites, UHTCMCs—A review. J Int Mater Rev 2020, 65: 389–444.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. [20]

    Asl MS, Nayebi B, Ahmadi Z, et al. Effects of carbon additives on the properties of ZrB2-based composites: A review. Ceram Int 2018, 44: 7334–7348.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. [21]

    Song J, Han W, Dong S, et al. Constructing hydrothermal carbonization coatings on carbon fibers with controllable thickness for achieving tunable sorption of dyes and oils via a simple heat-treated route. J Colloid Interface Sci 2020, 559: 263–272.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. [22]

    Carminati P, Jacques S, Rebillat F. Oxidation/corrosion of BN-based coatings as prospective interphases for SiC/SiC composites. J Eur Ceram Soc 2021, 41: 3120–3131.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. [23]

    Chen ZK, Wang LJ, Wang HR, et al. Effect of microstructure on impact resistance of chemical vapor deposited SiC coating on graphite substrate. Surf Coat Technol 2019, 380: 125076.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. [24]

    Chen YF, Hong CQ, Hu CL, et al. Ceramic-based thermal protection materials for aerospace vehicles. Adv Ceram 2017, 38: 311–390.

    Google Scholar 

  25. [25]

    Tavakoli AH, Campostrini R, Gervais C, et al. Energetics and structure of polymer-derived Si-(B-)O-C glasses: Effect of the boron content and pyrolysis temperature. J Am Ceram Soc 2014, 97: 303–309.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. [26]

    Jothi S, Ravindran S, Neelakantan L, et al. Corrosion behavior of polymer-derived SiHfCN(O) ceramics in salt and acid environments. Ceram Int 2015, 41: 10659–10669.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. [27]

    Kleebe HJ, Nonnenmacher K, Ionescu E, et al. Decomposition-coarsening model of SiOC/HfO2 ceramic nanocomposites upon isothermal anneal at 1300 °C. J Am Ceram Soc 2012, 95: 2290–2297.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. [28]

    Yuan J, Galetz M, Luan XG, et al. High-temperature oxidation behavior of polymer-derived SiHfBCN ceramic nanocomposites. J Eur Ceram Soc 2016, 36: 3021–3028.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. [29]

    Wu SJ, Cheng LF, Zhang LT, et al. Effect of CVD SiC coatings on oxidation behaviors of three dimensional C/SiC composites. J Inorg Mater 2005, 20: 251–256. (in Chinese)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. [30]

    Hu CL, Pang SY, Tang SF, et al. Ablation and mechanical behavior of a sandwich-structured composite with an inner layer of Cf/SiC between two outer layers of Cf/SiC-ZrB2-ZrC. Corros Sci 2014, 80: 154–163.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  31. [31]

    Kaur S, Mera G, Riedel R, et al. Effect of boron incorporation on the phase composition and high-temperature behavior of polymer-derived silicon carbide. J Eur Ceram Soc 2016, 36: 967–977.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. [32]

    Liao NB, Xue W, Zhou HM, et al. Molecular dynamics investigation of structure and high-temperature mechanical properties of SiBCO ceramics. J Alloys Compd 2014, 610: 45–49.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. [33]

    Schiavon MA, Armelin NA, Yoshida IVP. Novel poly(borosiloxane) precursors to amorphous SiBCO ceramics. Mater Chem and Phys 2008, 112: 1047–1054.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. [34]

    Yuan J, Hapis S, Breitzke H, et al. Single-source-precursor synthesis of hafnium-containing ultrahigh-temperature ceramic nanocomposites (UHTC-NCs). Inorg Chem 2014, 53: 10443–10455.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. [35]

    Yuan J, Li D, Johanns KE, et al. Preparation of dense SiHf(B)CN-based ceramic nanocomposites via rapid spark plasma sintering. J Eur Ceram Soc 2017, 37: 5157–5165.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. [36]

    Ionescu E, Kleebe HJ, Riedel R. Silicon-containing polymer-derived ceramic nanocomposites (PDC-NCs): Preparative approaches and properties. J Chem Soc Rev 2012, 41: 5032–5052.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  37. [37]

    Zhang DY, Hu P, Dong S, et al. Effect of pyrolytic carbon coating on the microstructure and fracture behavior of the C/ZrB2-SiC composite. Ceram Int 2018, 44: 19612–19618.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. [38]

    Ma LL, Gao L, Hu JB, et al. Effect of temperature on preparing boron nitride interface on fiber suface by chemical vapor deposition. J Mater Eng 2018, 46: 31–37. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This research work is supported by the Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52032003), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 519720820 and 51772061), the Science Foundation of the National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Advanced Composites in Special Environments (No. 6142905202112), and the Heilongjiang Provincial Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. LBH-Z20144).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Shanbao Zhou or Wenbo Han.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lyu, Y., Du, B., Chen, G. et al. Microstructural regulation, oxidation resistance, and mechanical properties of Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites prepared by chemical vapor infiltration with precursor infiltration pyrolysis. J Adv Ceram (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-021-0521-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites
  • precursor infiltration pyrolysis (PIP) method
  • mechanical properties
  • high-temperature oxidation resistance