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Single-source-precursor synthesis of porous W-containing SiC-based nanocomposites as hydrogen evolution reaction electrocatalysts

Abstract

In this paper, W-containing SiC-based ceramic nanocomposites were successfully prepared by a polymer-derived ceramic approach using allylhydridopolycarbosilane (AHPCS) as a SiC source, WCl6 as a tungsten source, polystyrene (PS) as a pore forming agent as well as divinyl benzene (DVB) as a carbon rich source. High-temperature phase behavior of the W-containing SiC-based ceramics after heat treatment was studied, showing that excessive DVB content in the feed will inhibit the crystallinity of W-containing nanoparticles in the final ceramic nanocomposites. The high specific surface area (SSA) of 169.4–276.9 m2/g can be maintained even at high temperature in the range of 1400–1500 °C, due to the carbothermal reaction which usually occurs between 1300 and 1400 °C. All prepared W-containing SiC-based nanocomposites reveal electrocatalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). In detail, compared with reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE), the ceramic sample PWA-2-1300 after heat treatment at 1300 °C has the smallest overpotential of 286 mV when the current density is 10 mA·cm−2 in acid medium, indicating the promising perspective in the water splitting field.

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Acknowledgements

Zhaoju Yu thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51872246 and 52061135102) for financial support.

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Correspondence to Zhaoju Yu or Yao Feng.

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Single-source-precursor synthesis of porous W-containing SiC-based nanocomposites as hydrogen evolution reaction electrocatalysts

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Yu, Z., Mao, K. & Feng, Y. Single-source-precursor synthesis of porous W-containing SiC-based nanocomposites as hydrogen evolution reaction electrocatalysts. J Adv Ceram 10, 1338–1349 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-021-0508-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-021-0508-8

Keywords

  • single-source-precursor
  • W-containing phase
  • SiC-based nanocomposites
  • electrocatalyst
  • hydrogen evolution reaction