BN/La-Al-Si-O composite ceramics were fabricated by hot-pressed sintering using hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), lanthanum oxide (La2O3), aluminia (Al2O3), and amorphous silica (SiO2) as the raw materials. The effects of sintering temperature on microstructural evolution, bulk density, apparent porosity, and mechanical properties of the h-BN composite ceramics were investigated. The results indicated that La-Al-Si-O liquid phase was formed during sintering process, which provided an environment for the growth of h-BN grains. With increasing sintering temperature, the cristobalite phase precipitation and h-BN grain growth occurred at the same time, which had a significant influence on the densification and mechanical properties of h-BN composite ceramics. The best mechanical properties of BN/La-Al-Si-O composite ceramics were obtained under the sintering temperature of 1700 °C. The elastic modulus, flexural strength, and fracture toughness were 80.5 GPa, 266.4 MPa, and 3.25 MPa·m1/2, respectively.
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This study was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFB0310400) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 52072089, 51672060, and 51832002).
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Qiu, B., Duan, X., Zhang, Z. et al. Microstructural evolution of h-BN matrix composite ceramics with La-Al-Si-O glass phase during hot-pressed sintering. J Adv Ceram (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-020-0451-0
- h-BN matrix composite ceramics
- La-Al-Si-O glass phase
- microstructural evolution
- nanocrystalline precipitation
- mechanical properties