Journal of Advanced Ceramics

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 47–61 | Cite as

Physico-chemical and mechanical properties of Ti3SiC2-based materials elaborated from SiC/Ti by reactive spark plasma sintering

  • Faten TurkiEmail author
  • Houyem Abderrazak
  • Frédéric Schoenstein
  • Florent Têtard
  • Mohieddine Abdellaoui
  • Noureddine Jouini
Open Access
Research Article


In this paper, the synthesis of Ti3SiC2 from SiC/Ti powder using reactive spark plasma sintering (R-SPS) in the temperature range of 1300–1400 °C is reported. The results show that the purity of Ti3SiC2 is improved up to 75 wt% when the holding time is increased from 10 to 20 min at 1400 °C. The thermodynamic and experimental results indicate that Ti3SiC2 formation takes place via the reaction of a pre-formed TiC phase with the silicides, formed from the eutectic compositions. Detailed analysis of mechanical behaviour indicates that samples with higher percentage of secondary phases exhibit higher microhardness and better resistance compared to the near single phase Ti3SiC2.


Ti3SiC2 reactive spark plasma sintering (R-SPS) density mechanical properties 



We would like to thank Jennifer Morrice, a former colleague of the University Paris 13, for her help in proofreading and improving the English style and expressions of the manuscript.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Faten Turki
    • 1
    Email author
  • Houyem Abderrazak
    • 1
  • Frédéric Schoenstein
    • 2
  • Florent Têtard
    • 2
  • Mohieddine Abdellaoui
    • 1
  • Noureddine Jouini
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire des Matériaux UtilesInstitut National de Recherche et d’Analyse Physico-chimique, Pôle Technologique de Sidi ThabetSidi ThabetTunisie
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Sciences des Procédés et MatériauxUniversité Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS, UPR 3407VilletaneuseFrance

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