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Understanding microwave dielectric properties of (1−x)CaTiO3xLaAlO3 ceramics in terms of A/B-site ionic-parameters

Abstract

We prepared (1−x)CaTiO3xLaAlO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) microwave dielectric ceramics using a conventional two-step solid-state reaction method, and investigated microwave dielectric properties of the ceramics in terms of A/B-site ionic-parameters. Ionic-parameters such as ionic polarizability, A-site bond valence, and ionic rattling were linked to the microwave dielectric properties. As the LaAlO3 content x in the (1−x)CaTiO3xLaAlO3 ceramics increased from 0.3 to 0.7, the dielectric constant gradually decreased, which was attributed to the decrease of polarizability deviation and suppression of the cation rattling. The temperature coefficient of the resonant frequency decreased as the content of LaAlO3 increased because of the increase of A-site cation bond valence. The quality factor value (Q × f) increased as LaAlO3 content increased because of the enhancement of the order degree of B-site cation. A significant deterioration of the temperature coefficient of the resonant frequency and Q × f value was observed at the composition x = 0.5. These decreases were attributed to a phase transition from orthorhombic crystal (for x ≤ 0.5) to rhombohedral crystal (for x > 0.5).

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Correspondence to Juan Jiang or Tianjin Zhang.

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These authors contributed equally to this work.

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Dou, Z., Wang, G., Jiang, J. et al. Understanding microwave dielectric properties of (1−x)CaTiO3xLaAlO3 ceramics in terms of A/B-site ionic-parameters. J Adv Ceram 6, 20–26 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-016-0212-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-016-0212-2

Keywords

  • (1−x)CaTiO3xLaAlO3 (CTLA) microwave dielectric ceramics
  • ionic polarizability
  • bond valence
  • cation rattling effect