Skip to main content

Preparation of titanium phosphate white pigments with titanium sulfate and their powder properties


Titanium oxide that has photocatalytic activity is used as white pigment for cosmetics. A certain degree of sebum on the skin is decomposed by the ultraviolet radiation in sunlight. In this work, as novel white pigment, titanium phosphates were synthesized with titanium sulfate and phosphoric acid for cosmetics. Their chemical composition, powder properties, photocatalytic activity, color phase, moisture retention, and smoothness were studied. These titanium phosphates had less photocatalytic activity to protect the sebum on the skin. Samples without heating and those heated at 100 °C showed high reflectance in the range of visible light. Sample prepared in Ti/P = 3/2 had higher moisture retention than samples prepared in other Ti/P ratios.


  1. Diebold U. The surface science of titanium dioxide. Surf Sci Rep 2003, 48: 53–229.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Senzui M, Tamura T, Miura K, et al. Study on penetration of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles into intact and damaged skin in vitro. J Toxicol Sci 2010, 35: 107–113.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Sarkar K, Nandi M, Bhaumik A. Enhancement in microporosity and catalytic activity on grafting silica and organosilica moieties in lamellar titanium phosphate framework. Appl Catal A: Gen 2008, 343: 55–61.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Gamer AO, Leibold E, van Ravenzwaay B. The in vitro absorption of microfine zinc oxide and titanium dioxide through porcine skin. Toxicol in Vitro 2006, 20: 301–307.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Jones DJ, Aptel G, Brandhorst M, et al. High surface area mesoporous titanium phosphate: Synthesis and surface acidity determination. J Mater Chem 2000, 10: 1957–1963.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Bhaumik A, Inagaki S. Mesoporous titanium phosphate molecular sieves with ion-exchange capacity. J Am Chem Soc 2001, 123: 691–696.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Dutta A, Patra AK, Dutta S, et al. Hierarchically porous titanium phosphate nanoparticles: An efficient solid acid catalyst for microwave assisted conversion of biomass and carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural. J Mater Chem 2012, 22: 14094–14100.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Onoda H, Yamaguchi T. Influence of ultrasonic treatment on preparation and powder properties of titanium phosphates. J Mater Chem 2012, 22: 19826–19830.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Onoda H, Yamaguchi T, Takenaka A. Synthesis and pigmental properties of titanium phosphates with the addition of urea. Int J Cosmetic Sci 2012, 34: 86–90.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Ramaswamy V, Jagtap NB, Vijayanand S, et al. Photocatalytic decomposition of methylene blue on nanocrystalline titania prepared by different methods. Mater Res Bull 2008, 43: 1145–1152.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Du P, Bueno-López A, Verbaas M, et al. The effect of surface OH-population on the photocatalytic activity of rare earth-doped P25-TiO2 in methylene blue degradation. J Catal 2008, 260: 75–80.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Cheng SY, Yuen CWM, Kan CW, et al. A comprehensive study of silicone-based cosmetic textile agent. Fiber Polym 2009, 10: 132–140.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hiroaki Onoda.

Additional information

This article is published with open access at

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Onoda, H., Fujikado, S. & Toyama, T. Preparation of titanium phosphate white pigments with titanium sulfate and their powder properties. J Adv Ceram 3, 132–136 (2014).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • white pigment
  • titanium phosphates
  • photocatalytic activity
  • smoothness