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Structural, spectroscopic, and dielectric characterizations of Mn-doped 0.67BiFeO3-0.33BaTiO3 multiferroic ceramics


0.67BiFeO3-0.33BaTiO3 multiferroic ceramics doped with x mol% MnO2 (x = 2–10) were synthesized by solid-state reaction. The formation of a perovskite phase with rhombohedral symmetry was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The average grain sizes were reduced from 0.80 μm to 0.50 μm as increasing the Mn-doped levels. Single crystalline nature of the grains was revealed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images and electron diffraction patterns. Polar nano-sized ferroelectric domains with an average size of 9 nm randomly distributed in the ceramic samples were revealed by TEM images. Ferroelectric domain lamellae (71° ferroelectric domains) with an average width of 5 nm were also observed. Vibrational modes were examined by Raman spectra, where only four Raman peaks at 272 cm−1 (E-4 mode), 496 cm−1 (A1-4 mode), 639 cm−1, and 1338 cm−1 were observed. The blue shifts in the E-4 and A1-4 Raman mode frequencies were interpreted by a spring oscillator model. The dieletric constants of the present ceramics as a function of the Mn-doped levels exhibited a V-typed curve. They were in the range of 350–700 measured at 103 Hz, and the corresponding dielectric losses were in range of 0.43–0.96, approaching to 0.09 at 106 Hz.


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Correspondence to Xinhua Zhu.

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Hang, Q., Zhou, W., Zhu, X. et al. Structural, spectroscopic, and dielectric characterizations of Mn-doped 0.67BiFeO3-0.33BaTiO3 multiferroic ceramics. J Adv Ceram 2, 252–259 (2013).

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  • multiferroic ceramics
  • dielectric properties
  • Raman spectra
  • microstructure