Skip to main content

Synthesis and characterization of manganese tetroxide (Mn3O4) nanofibers by electrospinning technique

Abstract

Manganese tetroxide (Mn3O4) nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning homogeneous viscous solution of 20 wt%, 28 wt% and 36 wt% manganese acetate in poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) and calcining the nanofibers at 1000 °C for 2 h. Electrospinning was carried out at 9 kV DC with tip to collector distance (TCD) of 7 cm. Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) of the fibers indicates the pure phase of manganese oxide above 500 °C. XRD analysis of calcined (at 1000 °C) nanofibers indicates the formation of phase-pure tetragonal Mn3O4. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies show the fibers cylindrical with the diameters in the range of 100–600 nm and aspect ratio > 1000. In general, the average diameter of the green fibers decreases with the increase in manganese acetate concentration. The diameter of calcined nanofibers is reduced by 34%.

References

  1. Toupin M, Brousse T, Bélanger D. Charge storage mechanism of MnO2 electrode used in aqueous electrochemical capacitor. Chem Mater 2004, 16: 3184–3190.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Bélanger D, Brousse T, Long JW. Manganese oxides: Battery materials make the leap to electrochemical capacitors. Electrochem Soc Interface 2008, Spring: 49–52.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Ghurye G, Clifford D. Laboratory study on the oxidation of arsenic III to arsenic V. EPA/600/ R-01/021, March 2001

    Google Scholar 

  4. Li D, McCann JT, Xia YN. Electrospinning: A simple and versatile technique for producing ceramic nanofibers and nanotubes. J Am Ceram Soc 2006, 89: 1861–1869.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Panda PK, Sahoo B. Synthesis and applications of electrospun nanofibers-A review. Nanotechnology 1990, 1: 399–416.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Panda PK. Ceramic nanofibers by electrospinning technique—A review. Trans Indian Ceram S 2007, 66: 65–76.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Sundarrajan S, Chandrasekaran AR, Ramakrishna S. An update on nanomaterials-based textiles for protection and decontamination. J Am Ceram Soc 2010, 93: 3955–3975.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Huang ZM, Zhang YZ, Kotaki M, et al. A review on polymer nanofibers by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites. Compos Sci Technol 2003, 63: 2223–2253.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Panda PK, Ramakrishna S. Electrospinning of alumina nanofibers using different precursors. J Mater Sci 2007, 42: 2189–2193.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Nguyen TA, Park S, Kim JB, et al. Polycrystalline tungsten oxide nanofibers for gas-sensing applications. Sens Actuators B 2011, 160: 549–554.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Meyer R, Shrout T, Yoshikawa S. Lead zirconate titanate fine fibers derived from alkoxide-based sol-gel technology. J Am Ceram Soc 1998, 81: 861–868.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Sahoo B, Panda PK. Preparation and characterization of barium titanate nanofibers by electrospinning technique. Ceram Int 2012, 38: 5189–5193.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Panda PK. Preparation and characterization of samaria nanofibers by electrospinning. Ceram Int 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2012.11.048.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Yang XH, Shao CL, Liu YC, et al. Nanofibers of CeO2 via an electrospinning technique. Thin Solid Films 2005, 478: 228–231.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Archana PS, Jose R, Jin TM, et al. Structural and electrical properties of Nb-doped anatase TiO2 nanowires by electrospinning. J Am Ceram Soc 2010, 93: 4096–4102.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Park JY, Kim SS. Growth of nanograins in electrospun ZnO nanofibers. J Am Ceram Soc 2009, 92: 1691–1694.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Dai YQ, Liu WY, Formo E, et al. Ceramic nanofibers fabricated by electrospinning and their applications in catalysis, environmental science, and energy technology. Polym Adv Technol 2011, 22: 326–338.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Yu PC, Yang RJ, Tsai YY, et al. Growth mechanism of single-crystal α-Al2O3 nanofibers fabricated by electrospinning techniques. J Eur Ceram Soc 2011, 31: 723–731.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Lei ZB, Zhang JT, Zhao XS. Ultrathin MnO2 nanofibers grown on graphitic carbon spheres as high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor electrodes. J Mater Chem 2012, 22: 153–160.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Razak SIA, Ahmad AL, Zein SHS, et al. MnO2-filled multiwalled carbon nanotube/polyaniline nanocomposites with enhanced interfacial interaction and electronic properties. Scripta Mater 2009, 61: 592–595.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Shao CL, Guan HY, Liu YC, et al. Preparation of Mn2O3 and Mn3O4 nanofibers via an electrospinning technique. J Solid Stat Chem 2004, 177: 2628–2631.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Agarwal S, Greiner A, Wendorff JH. Electrospinning of manmade and biopolymer nanofibers—Progress in techniques, materials and applications. Adv Funct Mater 2009, 19: 2863–2879.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Prasanta Kumar Panda.

Additional information

This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Sahoo, B., Panda, P.K. Synthesis and characterization of manganese tetroxide (Mn3O4) nanofibers by electrospinning technique. J Adv Ceram 2, 26–30 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-013-0037-1

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-013-0037-1

Keywords

  • electrospinning
  • manganese tetroxide
  • poly vinyl alcohol
  • nanofiber