This paper provides a brief review of current research activities that focus on the synthesis and controlled assembly of inorganic nanofibers by electrospinning, their electrical, optical and magnetic properties, as well as their applications in various areas including sensors, catalysts, batteries, filters and separators. We begin with a brief introduction to electrospinning technology and a brief method to produce ceramic nanofibers from electrospinning. We then discuss approaches to the controlled assembly and patterning of electrospun ceramic nanofibers. We continue with a highlight of some recent applications enabled by electrospun ceramic nanofibers, with a focus on the physical properties of functional ceramic nanofibers as well as their applications in energy and environmental technologies. In the end, we conclude this review with some perspectives on the future directions and implications for this new class of functional nanomaterials. It is expected that this review paper can help the readers quickly become acquainted with the basic principles and particularly the experimental procedure for preparing and assembly of 1D ceramic nanofiber and its arrays.
Palacios T. Applied physics nanowire electronics comes of age. Nature 2012, 481: 152–153.
Yan H, Choe HS, Nam SW. Programmable nanowire circuits for nanoprocessors. Nature 2011, 470: 240–244.
Yaman M, Khudiyev T, Ozgur E, et al. Arrays of indefinitely long uniform nanowires and nanotubes. Nat Mater 2011, 10: 494–501.
Tsivion D, Schvartzman M, Popovitz-Biro R, et al. Guided growth of millimeter-long horizontal nano-wires with controlled orientations. Science 2011, 333: 1003–1007.
Huang JY, Li Z, Chong MW, et al. In situ observation of the electrochemical lithiation of a single SnO2 nanowire electrode. Science 2010, 330: 1515–1520.
Tian BZ, Zheng XL, Kempa T, et al. Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources. Nature 2007, 449: 885–889.
Gao PX, Ding Y, Mai WJ, et al. Conversion of zinc oxide nanobelts into superlattice-structured nano-helices. Science 2005, 309: 1700–1704.
Ju SY, Facchetti A, Xuan Y, et al. Fabrication of fully transparent nanowire transistors for transparent and flexible electronics. Nat Nanotechnol 2007, 2: 378–384.
Huang Y, Duan XF, Wei QQ, et al. Directed assembly of one-dimensional nanostructures into functional networks. Science 2001, 291: 630–633.
Law M, Goldberger J, Yang P D. Semiconductor nanowires and nanotubes. Ann Rev Mater Res 2004, 34: 83–122.
Limmer SJ, Seraji S, Wu Y, et al. Template-based growth of various oxide nanorods by sol-gel electrophoresis. Adv Funct Mater 2002, 12: 59–64.
Varghese OK, Grimes CA. Metal oxide nanoarchitectures for environmental sensing. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2003, 3: 277–293.
Kuchibhatla S, Karakoti AS, Bera D, et al. One dimensional nanostructured materials. Prog Mater Sci 2007, 52: 699–913.
Lu XF, Wang C, Wei Y. One-dimensional composite nanomaterials: synthesis by electrospinning and their applications. Small 2009, 5: 2349–2370.
Li Y, Qian F, Xiang J. et al. Nanowire electronic and optoelectronic devices. Mater Today 2006, 9: 18–27.
Lin D, Wu H, Pan W. Photoswitches and memories assembled by electrospinning aluminum-doped zinc oxide single nanowires. Advanced Materials 2007, 19: 3968–3972.
Lieber CM. One-dimensional nanostructures: Chemistry, physics & applications. Solid State Comm 1998, 107: 607–616.
Xia YN, Yang PD, Sun YG, et al. One-dimensional nanostructures: Synthesis, characterization, and applications. Adv Mater 2003, 15: 353–389.
Chan CK, Peng H, Liu G, et al. High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires. Nat Nanotechnol 2008, 3: 31–35.
Li YG, Tan B, Wu YY. Mesoporous CO3O4 nanowire arrays for lithium ion batteries with high capacity and rate capability. Nano Lett 2008, 8: 265–270.
Martin CR. Membrane-based synthesis of nanomaterials. Chem Mater 1996, 8: 1739–1746.
Hulteen JC, Martin CR. A general template-based method for the preparation of nanomaterials. J Mater Chem 1997, 7: 1075–1087.
Dresselhaus, MS, Chen G, Tang MY, et al. New directions for low-dimensional thermoelectric materials. Adv Mater 2007, 19: 1043–1053.
McCann JT, Li D, Xia YN. Electrospinning of nanofibers with core-sheath, hollow, or porous structures. J Mater Chem 2005, 15: 735–738.
Sigmund W, Yuh J, Park H, et al. Processing and structure relationships in electrospinning of ceramic fiber systems. J Am Ceram Soc 2006, 89: 395–407.
Ramaseshan R, Sundarrajan S, Jose R, et al. Nanostructured ceramics by electrospinning. J Appl Phys 2007, 102: 111101–111117.
Li D, Xia YN. Electrospinning of nanofibers: Reinventing the wheel? Adv Mater 2004, 16: 1151–1170.
Teo WE, Ramakrishna S. A review on electro-spinning design and nanofibre assemblies. Nanotechnol 2006, 17: R89–R106.
Li D, Wang YL, Xia YN. Electrospinning of polymeric and ceramic nanofibers as uniaxially aligned arrays. Nano Lett 2003, 3: 1167–1171.
Li D, McCann JT, Xia YN. Electrospinning: A simple and versatile technique for producing ceramic nanofibers and nanotubes. J Am Ceram Soc 2006, 89: 1861–1869.
Dersch R, Graeser M, Greiner A, et al. Electro-spinning of nanofibres: Towards new techniques, functions, and applications. Aust J Chem 2007, 60: 719–728.
Li D, Xia YN. Fabrication of titania nanofibers by electrospinning. Nano Lett 2003, 3: 555–560.
Li D, Wang YL, Xia YN. Electrospinning nanofibers as uniaxially aligned arrays and layer-by-layer stacked films. Adv Mater 2004, 16: 361–366.
Li D, Xia YN. Direct fabrication of composite and ceramic hollow nanofibers by electrospinning. Nano Lett 2004, 4: 933–938.
Wu H, Lin D, Pan W. Fabrication, assembly, and electrical characterization of CuO nanofibers. Appl Phys Lett 2006, 89: 133125.
Wu H, Pan W. Preparation of zinc oxide nanofibers by electrospinning. J Am Ceram Soc 2006, 89: 699–701.
Lin D, Wu H, Zhang R, et al. Preparation and electrical properties of electrospun tin-doped indium oxide nanowires. Nanotechnol 2007, 18: 465301.
Lin D, Wu H, Zhang R, et al. Preparation of ZnS nanofibers via electrospinning. J Am Ceram So 2007, 90: 3664–3666.
Lin D, Pan W, Wu H. Morphological control of centimeter long aluminum-doped zinc oxide nanofibers prepared by electrospinning. J Am Ceram Soc 2007, 90: 71–76.
Lin D, Wu H, Pan W. Preparation of Eu, Li Co-doped ZnO red fluorescence nanofibers by electrospinning and their characterization. Rare Metal Mater Eng 2007, 36: 220–222.
Wu H, Lin D, Zhang R, et al. Oriented nanofibers by a newly modified electrospinning method. J Am Ceram Soc 2007, 90: 632–634.
Wu H, Zhang R, Liu XX, et al. Electrospinning of Fe, Co, and Ni nanofibers: Synthesis, assembly, and magnetic properties. Chem Mater 2007, 19: 3506–3511.
Wu H, Lin D, Zhang R, et al. ZnO nanofiber field-effect transistor assembled by electrospinning. J Am Ceram Soc 2008, 91: 656–659.
Wu H, Zhang R, Sun Y, et al. Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability. Soft Matter 2008, 4: 2429–2433.
Li HP, Wu H, Lin DD, et al. High Tc in electrospun BaTiO3 nanofibers. J Am Ceram Soc 2009, 92: 2162–2164.
Li HP, Wu H, Pan W. Preparation of BaTiO3 nanofibers via electrospinning. Rare Metal Mater Eng 2009, 38: 994–996.
Lin D, Wu H, Zhang R, et al. Enhanced photo-catalysis of electrospun Ag-ZnO heterostructured nanofibers. Chem Mater 2009, 21: 3479–3484.
Lin D, Wu H, Zhang W, et al. Enhanced UV photoresponse from heterostructured Ag-ZnO nanowires. Appl Phys Lett 2009, 94: 172103.
Qin XL, Wu H, Lin DD, et al. Preparation of ZnO nanofibers with high specific surface area. Rare Metal Mater Eng 2009, 38: 997–999.
Wu H, Sun Y, Lin D, et al. GaN nanofibers based on electrospinning: Facile synthesis, controlled assembly, precise doping, and application as high performance UV photodetector. Adv Mater 2009, 21: 227–231.
Zhang R, Wu H, Lin D, et al. Preparation of necklace-structured TiO2/SnO2 hybrid nanofibers and their photocatalytic activity. J Am Ceram Soc 2009, 92: 2463–2466.
Zhang R, Wu H, Lin D, et al. LaMnO3 and La0.875Sr0.125MnO3 nanofibers via electrospinning. Rare Metal Mater Eng 2009, 38: 1000–1002.
Li HP, Sun Y, Zhang W, et al. Preparation of heterostructured Ag/BaTiO3 nanofibers via electro-spinning. J Alloys Comp 2010, 508: 536–539.
Li HP, Zhang W, Li B, et al. Diameter-dependent photocatalytic activity of electrospun TiO2 nanofiber. J Am Ceram Soc 2010, 93: 2503–2506.
Zhang R, Wu H, Lin D, et al. Photocatalytic and magnetic properties of the Fe-TiO2/SnO2 nanofiber via electrospinning. J Am Ceram Soc 2010, 93: 605–608.
Li HP, Zhang W, Pan W. Enhanced photocatalytic activity of electrospun TiO2 nanofibers with optimal anatase/rutile ratio. J Am Ceram Soc 2011, 94: 3184–3187.
Lin D, Wu H, Zhang R, et al. Facile synthesis of heterostructured ZnO-ZnS nanocables and enhanced photocatalytic activity. J Am Ceram Soc 2010, 93: 3384–3389.
Wu H, Lin D, Pan W. High performance surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrate combining low dimensional and hierarchical nanostructures. Langm 2010, 26: 6865–6868.
Huang ZM, Zhang YZ, Kotaki M, et al. A review on polymer nanofibers by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites. Comp Sci Technol 2003, 63: 2223–2253.
Pham QP, Sharma U, Mikos AG. Electrospinning of polymeric nanofibers for tissue engineering applications: A review. Tissue Eng 2006, 12: 1197–1211.
Li D, Herricks T, Xia YN. Magnetic nanofibers of nickel ferrite prepared by electrospinning. Appl Phys Lett 2003, 83: 4586–4588.
Kim JK, Chauhan GS, Ahn JH, et al. Effect of synthetic conditions on the electrochemical properties of LiMn0.4Fe0.6PO4/C synthesized by sol-gel technique. J Power Sources 2009, 189: 391–396.
Lee SH, Jung M, Im JS, et al. Preparation and characterization of electrospun LiFePO(4)/carbon complex improving rate performance at high C-rate. Res Chem Intermed 2010, 36: 591–602.
Lu HW, Yu L, Zeng W, et al. Fabrication and electrochemical properties of three-dimensional structure of LiCoO fibers. Electrochem Solid State Lett 2008, 11: A140–A144.
Zhan SH, Li Y, Yu HB. LiCoO2 hollow nanofibers by co-electrospinning sol-gel precursor. J Dispersion Sci Technol 2008, 29: 702–705.
Gu YX, Chen DR, Jiao ML. Synthesis and electrochemical properties of nanostructured LiCoO2 fibers as cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries. J Phys Chem B 2005, 109: 17901–17906.
Shao CL, Yu N, Liu YC, Preparation of LiCoO2 nanofibers by electrospinning technique. J Phys Chem Solids 2006, 67: 1423–1426.
Fu ZW, Ma J, Qin QZ. Nanostructured LiCoO2 and LiMn2O4 fibers fabricated by a high frequency electrospinning. Solid State Ionics 2005, 176: 1635–1640.
Shao CL, Guan HY, Wen SB, et al. A novel method for making NiO nanofibres via an electrospinning technique. Chin Chem Lett 2004, 15: 365–367.
Moon J, Park JA, Lee SJ, et al. Structure and electrical properties of electrospun Zno-NiO mixed oxide nanofibers. Current ApplPhys 2009, 9: S213–S216.
Guan HY, Shao CL, Wen SB, et al. Preparation and characterization of NiO nanofibres via an electrospinning technique. Inorg Chem Comm 2003, 6: 1302–1303.
Shao CL, Yang XH, Guan HY, et al. Electrospun nanofibers of NiO/ZnO composite. Inorg Chem Comm 2004, 7: 625–627.
Fan Q, Whittingham MS. Electrospun manganese oxide nanofibers as anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochem Solid State Lett 2007, 10: A48–A51.
Zhan SH, Chen DR, Jiao XL, et al. Facile fabrication of long α-Fe2O3, α-Fe and γ-Fe2O3 hollow fibers using sol-gel combined co-elecrospinning technology. J Colloid Interf Sci 2007, 308: 265–270.
Zhu Y, Zhang JC, Zhai J, et al. Preparation of superhydrophilic α-Fe2O3 nanofibers with tunable magnetic properties. Thin Solid Films 2006, 510: 271–274.
Park SJ, Bhargava S, Bender ET, et al. Palladium nanoparticles supported by alumina nanofibers synthesized by electrospinning. J Mate Res 2008, 23: 1193–1196.
Yang XH, Shao CL, Liu YC. Fabrication of Cr2O3/ Al2O3 composite nanofibers by electrospinning. J Mater Sci 2007, 42: 8470–8472.
Peng Q, Sun XY, Spagnola JC, et al. Atomic layer deposition on electrospun polymer fibers as a direct route to Al2O3 microtubes with precise wall thickness control. Nano Lett 2007, 7: 719–722.
Rose M, Kockrick E, Senkovska I, et al. High surface area carbide-derived carbon fibers produced by electrospinning of polycarbosilane precursors. Carbon 2010, 48: 403–407.
Shin DG, Riu DH, Kim HE. Web-type silicon carbide fibers prepared by the electrospinning of polycarbosilanes. J Ceram Process Res 2008, 9: 209–214.
Kim SJ, Yun SM, Lee YS. Characterization of nanocrystalline porous SiC powder by electro-spinning and carbothermal reduction. J Indus Eng Chem 2010, 16: 273–277.
Eick B, Youngblood J. SiC nanofibers by pyrolysis of electrospun preceramic polymers. J Mater Sci 2009, 44: 160–165.
Qiu YJ, Yu J, Rafique J, et al. Large-scale production of aligned long boron nitride nanofibers by multijet/multicollector electrospinning. J Phys Chem C 2009, 113: 11228–11234.
Cui XM, Nam YS, Lee JY, et al. Fabrication of zirconium carbide (ZrC) ultra-thin fibers by electrospinning. Mater Lett 2008, 62: 1961–1964.
Zhu PW, Hong YL, Liu BB, et al. The synthesis of titanium carbide-reinforced carbon nanofibers. Nanotechnol 2009, 20: 255603.
Kang PH, Jeun JP, Seo DK, et al. Fabrication of SiC mat by radiation processing. Radia Phys Chem 2009, 78: 493–495.
Zhang SH, Xu SZ, Dong XT, et al. New research progress on coaxial nanocables. Rare Metal Mater Eng 2008, 37: 1117–1123.
Li D, Babel A, Jenekhe SA, et al. Nanofibers of conjugated polymers prepared by electrospinning with a two-capillary spinneret. Adv Mater 2004, 16: 2062–2066.
Xiang J, Chu YQ, Zhou GZ, et al. Electrospinning preparation, structural and magnetic properties of Li0.5−0.5xZnxFe2.5−0.5xO4 nanofibers. Acta Chim Sinica 2011, 69: 2457–2464.
Nam JH, Joo YH, Lee JH, et al. Preparation of NiZn-ferrite nanofibers by electrospinning for DNA separation. J Magnetism Magnetic Mater 2009, 321: 1389–1392.
Wang ZL, Liu XJ, Lv MF, et al. Preparation of one-dimensional CoFe2O4 nanostructures and their magnetic properties. J Phys Chem C 2008, 112: 15171–15175.
Liu MQ, Shen XQ, Song FZ, et al. Microstructure and magnetic properties of electrospun one-dimensional Al3+-substituted SrFe12O19 nanofibers. J Solid State Chem 2011, 184: 871–876.
Zheng W, I ZY, Zhang HN, et al. Electrospinning route for α-Fe2O3 ceramic nanofibers and their gas sensing properties. Mater Res Bull 2009, 44: 1432–1436.
Cai ZY, Song J, Li JS, et al. Synthesis of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 nanoparticles by modified Pechini method and their enhanced rate capability. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 2012, 61: 49–55.
Guo BK, Li Y, Yao YF, et al. Electrospun Li4Ti5O12/C composites for lithium-ion batteries with high rate performance. Solid State Ionics 2011, 204: 61–65.
Ji LW, Lin Z, Alcouttabi M, et al. Electrospun carbon nanofibers decorated with various amounts of electrochemically-inert nickel nanoparticles for use as high-performance energy storage materials. Rsc Adv 2012, 2: 192–198.
Kong JH, Liu ZL, Yang ZC, et al. Carbon/SnO2/ carbon core/shell/shell hybrid nanofibers: tailored nanostructure for the anode of lithium ion batteries with high reversibility and rate capacity. Nanoscale 2012, 4: 525–530.
Lee BS, Son SB, Park KM, et al. Anodic properties of hollow carbon nanofibers for Li-ion battery. J Power Sources 2012, 199: 53–60.
Wang HY, Gao P, Lu SF, et al. The effect of tin content to the morphology of Sn/carbon nanofiber and the electrochemical performance as anode material for lithium batteries. Electrochim Acta 2011, 58: 44–51.
Zhu PN, Wu YZ, Reddy MV, et al. Long term cycling studies of electrospun TiO2 nanostructures and their composites with MWCNTs for rechargeable Li-ion batteries. Rsc Adv 2012, 2: 531–537.
Alcoutlabi M, Ji LW, Guo BK, et al. Electrospun nanofibers for energy storage. Aatcc Review 2011, 11: 45–51.
Cavaliere S, Subianto S, Savych I, et al. Electrospinning: Designed architectures for energy conversion and storage devices. Energy Environ Sci 2011, 4: 4761–4785.
Han H, Song T, Bae JY, et al. Nitridated TiO2 hollow nanofibers as an anode material for high power lithium ion batteries. Energy Environ Sci 2011, 4: 4532–4536.
Ji LW, Rao MM, Aloni S, et al. Porous carbon nanofiber-sulfur composite electrodes for lithium/ sulfur cells. Energy Environ Sci 2011, 4: 5053–5059.
Jung HR, Lee WJ. Electrochemical characterization of electrospun SnO(x)-embedded carbon nanofibers anode for lithium ion battery with EXAFS analysis. J Electroanaly Chem 2011, 662: 334–342.
Zhao G, Liu SW, Lu QF, et al. Preparation of Bi2WO6 by electrospinning: researching their synthesis mechanism and photocatalytic activity. J Cluster Sci 2011, 22: 621–631.
Choi HS, Kim T, Im JH, et al. Preparation and electrochemical performance of hyper-networked Li4Ti5O12/carbon hybrid nanofiber sheets for a battery-supercapacitor hybrid system. Nanotechnol. 2011, 22: 405402
Doan TQ, Boyle TJ, Ottley LAM, et al. Synthesis, characterization, electrospinning of novel tin amide alkoxides for lithium-ion battery application. In: 241st ACS National Meeting&Exposition. Anaheim, USA, 2011.
Lee JS, Kwon OS, Park SJ, et al. Fabrication of ultrafine metal-oxide-decorated carbon nanofibers for DMMP sensor application. Acs Nano 2011, 5: 7992–8001.
Roginskaya YE, Sheppelve AD, Tenchurin TK, et al. Synthesis and structure of composite fibers based on silicon and carbon obtained by electrospinning. Russ J Phys Chem A 2011, 85: 2013–2019.
Toprakci O, Ji LW, Lin Z, et al. Fabrication and electrochemical characteristics of electrospun LiFePO4/carbon composite fibers for lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 2011, 196: 7692–7699.
Yang XJ, Teng DH, Liu BX, et al. Nanosized anatase titanium dioxide loaded porous carbon nanofiber webs as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochem Comm 2011, 13: 1098–1101.
Zhang P, Guo ZP, Huang YD, et al. Synthesis of Co3O4/carbon composite nanowires and their electrochemical properties. J Power Sources 2011, 196: 6987–6991.
Bonino CA, Ji LW, Lin Z, et al. Electrospun carbon-tin oxide composite nanofibers for use as lithium ion battery anodes. Acs Appl Mater Interf 2011, 3: 2534–2542.
Chang DR, Heo GS. Fabrication and electrochemical characterization of carbon nanofibers by electrospinning with various MnO2 contents. E-Polymers, 2011, 075.
Cheah YL, Gupta N, Pramana SS, et al. Morphology, structure and electrochemical properties of single phase electrospun vanadium pentoxide nanofibers for lithium ion batteries. J Power Sources 2011, 196: 6465–6472.
Chen LJ, Liao JD, Chuang YJ, et al. Synthesis and characterization of PVP/LiCoO2 nanofibers by electrospinning route. J Appl Polym Sci 2011, 121: 154–160.
Dong ZX, Kennedy SJ, Wu YQ. Electrospinning materials for energy-related applications and devices. J Power Sources 2011, 196: 4886–4904.
Jung HR, Cho SJ, Kim KN, et al. Electrochemical properties of electrospun CuxO (x =1, 2)-embedded carbon nanofiber with EXAFS analysis. Electrochim Acta 2011, 56: 6722–6731.
Wang L, We Lj, Li ZH, et al. Synthesis and electrochemical properties of Li2ZnTi3O8 fibers as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 2011, 56: 5343–5346.
Croce F, Focarete ML, Hassoun J, et al. A safe, high-rate and high-energy polymer lithium-ion battery based on gelled membranes prepared by electrospinning. Energy Environ Sci 2011, 4: 921–927.
Dai YQ, Liu WY, Formo E, et al. Ceramic nanofibers fabricated by electrospinning and their applications in catalysis, environmental science, and energy technology. Polym Adv Technol 2011, 22: 326–338.
Kong JH, Wong SY, Zhang Y, et al. One-dimensional carbon-SnO2 and SnO2 nanostructures via single-spinneret electrospinning: Tunable morphology and the underlying mechanism. J Mater Chem 2011, 21: 15928–15934.
Lijo F, Marsano E, Vijila C, et al. Electrospun polyimide/titanium dioxide composite nanofibrous membrane by electrospinning and electrospraying. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2011, 11: 1154–1159.
Mu JB, Chen B, Guo ZC, et al. Tin oxide (SnO2) nanoparticles/electrospun carbon nanofibers (CNFs) heterostructures: controlled fabrication and high capacitive behavior. J Colloid Interf Sci 2011, 356: 706–712.
Hwang DK, Kim S, Lee JH, et al. Phase evolution of perovskite LaNiO3 nanofibers for supercapacitor application and p-type gas sensing properties of LaOCl-NiO composite nanofibers. J Mater Chem 2011, 21: 1959–1965.
Yuan T, Zhao BT, Cai R, et al. Electrospinning based fabrication and performance improvement of film electrodes for lithium-ion batteries composed of TiO2 hollow fibers. J Mater Chem 2011, 21: 15041–15048.
Zhang XW, Ji LW, Toprakci O, et al. Electrospun nanofiber-based anodes, cathodes, and separators for advanced lithium-ion batteries. Polym Rev 2011, 51: 239–264.
Zhu CB, Yu Y, Gu L, et al. Electrospinning of highly electroactive carbon-coated single-crystalline LiFePO4 nanowires. Angewandte Chemie Inter Ed 2011, 50: 6278–6282.
Jung HR, Lee WJ. Preparation and characterization of Ni-Sn/carbon nanofibers composite anode for lithium ion battery. J Electrochem Soc 2011, 158: A644–A652.
Laudenslager MJ, Scheffler RH, Sigmund WM. Electrospun materials for energy harvesting, conversion, and storage: A review. Pure Appl Chem 2010, 82: 2137–2156.
Luo W, Hu XL, Sun YM, et al. Electrospinning of carbon-coated MoO2 nanofibers with enhanced lithium-storage properties. Phys Chem Chem Phys 2011, 13: 16735–16740.
Mai LQ, Xu L, Han CH, et al. Electrospun ultralong hierarchical vanadium oxide nanowires with high performance for lithium ion batteries. Nano Lett 2010, 10: 4750–4755.
Barth S, Hernandez-Ramirez F, Holmes JD, et al. Synthesis and applications of one-dimensional semiconductors. Prog Mater Sci 2010, 55: 563–627.
Lee YS, Jeong YB, Kim DW. Cycling performance of lithium-ion batteries assembled with a hybrid composite membrane prepared by an electro-spinning method. J Power Sources 2010, 195: 6197–6201.
Li LM, Yin XM, Liu S, et al. Electrospun porous SnO2 nanotubes as high capacity anode materials for lithium ion batteries. Electrochem Comm 2010, 12: 1383–1386.
Miao JJ, Miyauchi M, Simmons TJ, et al. Electrospinning of nanomaterials and applications in electronic components and devices. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2010, 10: 5507–5519.
Yang ZX, Du GD, Guo ZP, et al. Easy preparation of SnO2@carbon composite nanofibers with improved lithium ion storage properties. J Mater Res 2010, 25: 1516–1524.
Liu HQ, Yang JX, Liang JH, et al. ZnO nanofiber and nanoparticle synthesized through electro-spinning and their photocatalytic activity under visible light. J Am Ceram Soc 2008, 91: 1287–1291.
Neubert S, Pliszka D, Thavasi V, et al. Conductive electrospun PANi-PEO/TiO2 fibrous membrane for photo catalysis. Mater Sci Eng B 2011, 176: 640–646.
Reddy KR, Nakata K, Ochiai T, et al. Nanofibrous TiO2-core/conjugated polymer-sheath composites: synthesis, structural properties and photocatalytic activity. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2010, 10: 7951–7957.
Yi C, Nirmala R, Navamathavan R, et al. Preparation of photocrosslinkable polystyrene methylene cinnamate nanofibers via electrospinning. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2011, 11: 8474–8480.
Huang JS, Wang DW, Hou HQ, et al. Electrospun palladium nanoparticle-loaded carbon nanofibers and their electrocatalytic activities towards hydrogen peroxide and NADH. Adv Funct Mater 2008, 18: 441–448.
Ostermann R, Li D, Yin YD, et al. V2O5 nanorods on TiO2 nanofibers: a new class of hierarchical nanostructures enabled by electrospinning and calcination. Nano Lett 2006, 6: 1297–1302.
Cao TP, Li YJ, Wang CH, et al. A facile in situ hydrothermal method to SrTiO3/TiO2 nanofiber heterostructures with high photocatalytic activity. Langmuir 2011, 27: 2946–2952.
Li CJ, Wang JN, Li XY, et al. Functionalization of electrospun magnetically separable TiO2-coated SrFe12O19 nanofibers: strongly effective photo-catalyst and magnetic separation. J Mater Sci 2011, 46: 2058–2063.
Li XY, Wang, F, Qian QR, et al. Ag/TiO2 nanofibers heterostructure with enhanced photo-catalytic activity for parathion. Mater Lett 2012, 66: 370–373.
Ochanda FO, Barnett MR. Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles and titanium oxide nanofibers: toward multifibrous nano-composites. J Am Ceram Soc 2010, 93: 2637–2643.
Su CY, Shao CL, Liu YC. Electrospun nanofibers of TiO2/CdS heteroarchitectures with enhanced photocatalytic activity by visible light. J Colloid Interf Sci 2011, 359: 220–227.
Wang CH, Zhang XT, Shao CL, et al. Rutile TiO2 nanowires on anatase TiO2 nanofibers: A branched heterostructured photocatalysts via interface-assisted fabrication approach. J Colloid Interf Sci 2011, 363: 157–164.
Zhang P, Shao CL, Zhang ZY, et al. Core/shell nanofibers of TiO2@carbon embedded by Ag nanoparticles with enhanced visible photocatalytic activity. J Mater Chem 2011, 21: 17746–17753.
Zhang ZY, Shao CL, Li XT, et al. Electrospun nanofibers of p-type NiO/n-type ZnO hetero-junctions with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Acs Appl Mater Interf 2011, 2: 2915–2923.
Choi SK, Kim S, Lim SK, et al. Highly enhanced photocatalytic activities of electrospun mesoporous TiO2 nanofiber. Abst Papers Am Chem Soc 2010, 239.
Lee JA, Nam YS, Rutledge GC, et al. Enhanced photocatalytic activity using layer-by-layer electro-spun constructs for water remediation. Adv Funct Mater 2010, 20: 2424–2429.
Zhang TZ, Ge LQ, Wang X, et al. Hollow TiO2 containing multilayer nanofibers with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Polymer 2008, 49: 2898–2902.
Ke XB, Ribbens S, Fan YQ, et al. Integrating efficient filtration and visible-light photocatalysis by loading Ag-doped zeolite Y particles on filtration membrane of alumina nanofibers. J Membrane Sci 2011, 375: 69–74.
Ke XB, Zheng ZF, Liu HW, et al. High-flux ceramic membranes with a nanomesh of metal oxide nanofibers. J Phys Chem B 2008, 112: 5000–5006.
Zhao YF, Sugiyama S, Miller T, et al. Nanoceramics for blood-borne virus removal. Expert Rev Medical Devices 2008, 5: 395–405.
Cao YH, Wu H, Hu LB, et al. Electrospun SiO2n nanofiber as a battery separator. Abst Papers Am Chem Soc 2011, 241.
This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com
About this article
Cite this article
Wu, H., Pan, W., Lin, D. et al. Electrospinning of ceramic nanofibers: Fabrication, assembly and applications. J Adv Ceram 1, 2–23 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40145-012-0002-4
- functional ceramics