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Knee Osteoarthritis and Meniscal Injuries in the Runner

  • William Denq
  • Daniel M. CushmanEmail author
Sports Medicine Rehabilitation (B Liem and BJ Krabak, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Sports Medicine Rehabilitation

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This paper aims to review new evidence regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment of knee osteoarthritis and meniscal injuries in the recreational and professional running population.

Recent Findings

Though conservative measures remain the mainstay of treatment, increasing evidence shows a role for platelet-rich plasma as a conservative management option for osteoarthritis and meniscal injury, though further studies need to be performed. Cell-based therapy, such as mesenchymal stem cells, remains a controversial topic without clear evidence of their efficacy. Newer surgical options, such as collagen scaffolding and synthetic implants are under study, but surgical meniscal repair still remains the primary treatment for meniscal tears that have not responded to conservative treatment.

Summary

There is no association or causality between running low and moderate distances and knee OA. There is no causality between running and meniscal injury. There is a multitude of conservative and operative management options for both osteoarthritis and meniscal injury in runners. Platelet-rich plasma is one of the most recently studied interventions that has promising results.

Keywords

Runners Meniscal injury Cartilage Platelet-rich plasma Stem cell 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of SurgerySalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.University of Utah Orthopaedic CenterSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.Division of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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