• Alessio Giai Via
  • Gabriele Papa
  • Francesco Oliva
  • Nicola MaffulliEmail author
Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation (NA Segal, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation


Chronic tendon injuries are a common cause of pain and of restriction of sports or daily life. Even though a number of published studies have focused on tendon injuries, healing and treatment, the pathogenesis still remains enigmatic. The pathogenesis of chronic tendon injuries is considered multifactorial, however the precise role of each predisposing factor remains incompletely understood. The association between tendinopathy and pain should also be clarified, as the presence of tendinopathic lesions does not always lead to symptoms, but they are the necessary pre-existing conditions for spontaneous tendon ruptures. In this article, the histological features, the pathogenetic theories of tendinopathy, and the possible sources of pain are reviewed.


Tendinopathy Tendon injury Tendon healing Ruptures Musculoskeletal rehabilitation Physical medicine and rehabilitation Review 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessio Giai Via
    • 1
  • Gabriele Papa
    • 2
  • Francesco Oliva
    • 1
  • Nicola Maffulli
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic and TraumatologyUniversity of Rome ‘‘Tor Vergata”, School of MedicineRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic and TraumatologyVilla Scassi HospitalGenoaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, School of Medicine and SurgeryUniversity of SalernoSalernoItaly
  4. 4.Mary University of London, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Mile End HospitalLondonEngland

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