Purpose of Review
This review seeks to highlight the issue of when the best time to operate is given the neurocognitive consequences of pediatric OSA.
Learning and memory deficits persist after adenotonsillectomy in school age children with the disease at 9-month follow-up, suggesting short-term damage to the hippocampus in young children with OSA.
Larger trials with younger children with pediatric OSA are currently ongoing to evaluate the impact of adenotonsillectomy on learning and memory recovery.
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The authors thank Dr. B. Lee Ligon, Center for Research, Innovation and Scholarship, Department of Pediatrics, BCM, for editorial assistance.
Conflict of Interest
Arvind Chandrakantan and Adam Adler declare they have no conflict of interest.
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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Pediatric Anesthesia
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Chandrakantan, A., Adler, A. Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Neurocognitive Consequences. Curr Anesthesiol Rep 9, 110–115 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40140-019-00331-2
- Obstructive sleep apnea