Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Neurocognitive Consequences


Purpose of Review

This review seeks to highlight the issue of when the best time to operate is given the neurocognitive consequences of pediatric OSA.

Recent Findings

Learning and memory deficits persist after adenotonsillectomy in school age children with the disease at 9-month follow-up, suggesting short-term damage to the hippocampus in young children with OSA.


Larger trials with younger children with pediatric OSA are currently ongoing to evaluate the impact of adenotonsillectomy on learning and memory recovery.

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Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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The authors thank Dr. B. Lee Ligon, Center for Research, Innovation and Scholarship, Department of Pediatrics, BCM, for editorial assistance.

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Correspondence to Arvind Chandrakantan.

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Arvind Chandrakantan and Adam Adler declare they have no conflict of interest.

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Chandrakantan, A., Adler, A. Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Neurocognitive Consequences. Curr Anesthesiol Rep 9, 110–115 (2019).

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  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Hypoxia
  • ADHD
  • Neurogenesis
  • Hippocampus