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Open Globe Injuries


Purpose of Review

To review the epidemiology, classification, diagnosis, and management of open globe injuries.

Recent Findings

To date ocular injuries are a common cause of vision loss that can affect many age groups with serious socioeconomic impacts. Around 1.6 million people become blind from penetrating ocular trauma. Proper examination and intervention can lead to a better visual prognosis for the affected individuals. Here in, we review the classification of ocular trauma, the epidemiology, the diagnosis, and the management of open globe injuries based on their anatomic classification as well as their potential complications.


A high index of suspicion for an open globe, careful and gentle examination and early intervention may lead to better visual outcomes.

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Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Correspondence to Caroline R. Baumal.

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Dr. Eleni K. Konstantinou has nothing to disclose. Dr. Caroline R. Baumal has nothing to disclose relative to the manuscript.

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This article is part of the Topical collection on Ophthalmologic Surgery.

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Konstantinou, E.K., Baumal, C.R. Open Globe Injuries. Curr Surg Rep 10, 103–108 (2022).

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  • Trauma
  • Open globe
  • Close globe
  • Intraocular foreign body
  • Endophthalmitis