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Institute of Medicine. WIC food packages: time for change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2005.
US Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service. Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC): revisions in the WIC food packages; final rule. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office; 2014.
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•• Tester JM, Leung CW, Crawford PB. Revised WIC food package and children’s diet quality. Pediatrics. 2016;137(5). This publication is important because it documents evidence of an association between the WIC food package revisions and higher diet quality for WIC-enrolled children based on analyses of data from a nationally representative sample.
Whaley SE, Ritchie LD, Spector P, Gomez J. Revised WIC food package improves diets of WIC families. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2012;44(3):204–9.
Ishdorj A, Capps O. The effect of revised WIC food packages on Native American children. Am J Agric Econ. 2013;95(5):1266–72.
Chiasson MA, Findley SE, Sekhobo JP, et al. Changing WIC changes what children eat. Obesity. 2013;21(7):1423–9.
Kong A, Odoms-Young A, Schiffer LA, Kim Y, Berbaum ML, Porter SJ, et al. The 18-month impact of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children food package revisions on diets of recipient families. Am J of Prev med. 2014;46(6):543–51.
Odoms-Young AM, Kong A, Schiffer LA, et al. Evaluating the initial impact of the revised Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food packages on dietary intake and home food availability in African-American and Hispanic families. Public Health Nutr. 2014;17(01):83–93.
•• Chiasson MA, Scheinmann R, Hartel D, McLeod N, Sekhobo J, Edmunds LS, et al. Predictors of obesity in a cohort of children enrolled in WIC as infants and retained to 3 years of age. J Community Health. 2016;41(1):127–33. This article reports results from the only study that used a longitudinal study design to track WIC-enrolled children from infancy through 3 years of age in New York State. Adjusted analyses showed evidence of lower levels of obesity among 3-year-old children whose mothers had received the full breastfeeding food packages compared to those children whose mothers did not receive a breastfeeding food package after the new WIC food package changes were implemented in New York State in January 2009.
Freedman DS, Sharma AJ, Hamner HC, et al. Trends in weight-for- length among infants in WIC from 2000 to 2014. Pediatrics. 2017;139(1): e20162034. doi:10.1542/peds.2016-2034. Epub 2016 Dec 13.
Crespi C, Alfonso V, Whaley S, Wang M. Validity of child anthropometric measurements in the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children. Pediatr res. 2012;71(3):286–92.
Sharma AJ, Grummer-Strawn LM, Dalenius K, Galuska D, Anandappa M, Borland E, et al. Obesity prevalence among low-income, preschool-aged children United States, 1998–2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 2009;58(28):769–73.
Sekhobo JP, Edmunds LS, Reynolds DK, Dalenius K, Sharma A. Trends in prevalence of obesity and overweight among children enrolled in the New York State WIC Program, 2002-2007. Public Health Rep. 2010;125(2):218–24.
Sekhobo JP, Edmunds LS, Dalenius K, Jernigan J, Davis CF, Giddings M, et al. Neighborhood disparities in prevalence of childhood obesity among low-income children before and after implementation of New York City child care regulations. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014;11:E181. doi:10.5888/pcd11.140152.
Sekhobo J, Edmunds L, Whaley S, Koleilat M. Obesity prevalence among low-income, preschool-aged children: New York City and Los Angeles County, 2003–2011. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 2013;62(02):17–22.
•• National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. Assessing prevalence and trends in obesity: navigating the evidence. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2016. doi:10.17226/23505. This report highlights the important role that WIC height and weight data have played in tracking early childhood obesity prevalence trends and thus contributing to our understanding of the pediatric obesity epidemic in low-income populations in the USA.
Edmunds LS, Sekhobo JP, Dennison BA, Chiasson MA, Stratton HH, Davison KK. Association of prenatal participation in a public health nutrition program with healthy infant weight gain. Am J Public Health. 2014;104(Suppl 1):S35–42. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301793.
Jesaitis A, Race P. Eat well play hard—New York State’s initiative to prevent childhood obesity. Pediatr Nutr. 2000;23:11–3.
Whaley SE, McGregor S, Jian L, Gomez J, Harrison G, Jenks E. A WIC-based intervention to prevent early childhood overweight. J Nutr Educ and Behav. 2010;43(3):S47–51.
Institute of Medicine. Planning a WIC research agenda: workshop summary. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2011.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. Review of WIC food packages: improving balance and choice: final report. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2017. doi:10.17226/23655.