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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants

From: Comparison of Vaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (vNOTES) and Laparoendoscopic Single-Site (LESS) Hysterectomy on Postoperative Pain Reduction: A Randomized Pilot Study

Characteristics vNOTES (n = 13) LESS (n = 13) P value
Age, median (range) 54 (35–77) 48 (34–63) 0.081
BMI, median (range) 23.8 (21.32–27.6) 21.8 (20.2–25.9) 0.044
ASA score, n (%)
 1 1 (7.7%) 2 (15.4%) 0.513
 2 11 (84.6%) 11 (84.6%)
 3 1 (7.7%) 0
Indication for surgery, n (%)
 Myoma 7 (53.8%) 8 (61.5%) 0.369
 CIN3 3 (23.1%) 1 (7.7%)
 Adenomyosis 2 (15.4%) 0
 Endometrial hyperplasia 1 (7.7%) 2 (15.4%)
 AIS 0 1 (7.7%)
 AUB 0 1 (7.7%)
Parity, n (%)
 0 1 (7.7%) 4 (30.8%) 0.370
 1 3 (23.1%) 4 (30.8%)
 2 6 (46.2%) 3 (23.1%)
 3 or more 3 (23.1%) 2 (15.4%)
Previous cesarean section history, n (%)
 0 9 (69.2%) 10 (76.9%) 0.824
 1 2 (15.4%) 2 (15.4%)  
 2 2 (15.4%) 1 (7.7%)  
 3 or more 0 0  
  1. vNOTES vaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, LESS laparoendoscopic single-site, BMI body mass index, ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system, CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, AIS adenocarcinoma in situ, AUB abnormal uterine bleeding