A mathematical model is realistic to assess a comparative study of nanofluid and hybrid nanofluid flow between two eccentric pipes. Study of nanofluid has been developed recurrently over the earlier era. By taking the nanofluid study in higher level, the researchers tried to use hybrid nanofluid, which was modeled by placing different nanoparticles either in composite or mixture form. The method of using hybrid nanofluid is to get more thermal conductivity of base fluid. For this phenomena, we consider Ni and \(\gamma Al_2O_3\) as nanoparticles and \(C_2H_6O_2\) as a base fluid. The inner pipe is rigged and rotating with velocity (V), whereas the external pipe is sinusoidal (wave moving down to its boundaries) like the contracting and relaxation phenomena. Low Reynolds number and long wavelength approximation are used for analytic solution. The resulting nonlinear PDEs are converted into ODEs by using perturbation technique. After this, we compare graphically the behavior of friction forces on inner and outer pipes, pressure gradient, pressure rise, velocity and temperature profiles for multi-values of solid volume fractions.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Choi, S.U.S.: Enhancing Thermal Conductivity of Fluids with Nanoparticles, In: D. A. Siginer and H. P. Wang, Eds., Developments and Applications of Non-Newtonian Flows, ASME, New York, 66, 99–105 (1995)
Wang, B.X., Li, H., Peng, X.F.: Research on the heat conduction enhancement for liquid with nanoparticles suspensions, General Paper (G-1). In: International Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineering (TSE 2002), October, Beijing, pp 23–26 (2002)
Maiga, S.E.B., Palm, S.J., Nguyen, C.T., Roy, G., Galanis, N.: Heat transfer enhancement by using nanofluids in forced convection flows. Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow 26, 530–546 (2005)
Nassan, T.H., Heris, S.Z., Noie, S.H.: A comparison of experimental heat transfer characteristics for Al2O3/water and CuO/water nanofluids in square cross-section duct. Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transf. 37, 924–928 (2010)
Turkyilmazoglu, M.: Exact analytical solutions for heat and mass transfer of MHD slip flow in nanofluids. Chem. Eng. Sci. 84, 182–187 (2012)
Mat, N.A.A., Arifin, N.M., Nazar, R., Ismail, F.: Radiation effect on Marangoni convection boundary layer flow of a nanofluid. Math. Sci. (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/2251-7456-6-21
Saha, G., Paul, M.C.: Numerical analysis of the heat transfer behaviour of water based \(Al_2O_3\) and \(TiO_2\) nanofluids in a circular pipe under the turbulent flow condition. Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transf. 56, 96–108 (2014)
Haroun, N.A., Sibanda, P., Mondal, S., Motsa, S.S., Rashidi, M.M.: Heat and mass transfer of nanofluid through an impulsively vertical stretching surface using the spectral relaxation method. Bound. Value Probl. (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13661-015-0424-3
Teamah, M.A., Dawood, M.M.K., Shehata, A.: Numerical and experimental investigation of flow structure and behavior of nanofluids flow impingement on horizontal flat plate. Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 74, 235–246 (2016)
Shu, R., Gan, Y., Lv, H., Tan, D.: Preparation and rheological behavior of ethylene glycol-based \(TiO_2\) nanofluids. Coll. Surf. A Physicochem. and Eng. Asp. 509, 86–90 (2016)
Saha, G., Paul, M.C.: Transition of nanofluids flow in an inclined heated pipe. Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transf. 82, 49–62 (2017)
Ghadikolaei, S.S., Yassari, M., Sadeghi, H., Hosseinzadeh, K., Ganji, D.D.: Investigation on thermophysical properties of \(Tio_2\)-\(Cu/H_2O\) hybrid nanofluid transport dependent on shape factor in MHD stagnation point flow. Powder Technol. 322, 428–438 (2017)
Torabi, M., Torabi, M., Ghiaasiaan, S.M., Peterson, G.P.: The effect of Al2O3-water nanofluid on the heat transfer and entropy generation of laminar forced convection through isotropic porous media. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40819-017-0366-9
Das, P.K.: A review based on the effect and mechanism of thermal conductivity of normal nanofluids and hybrid nanofluids. J. Mol. Liq. 240, 420–446 (2017)
Akilu, S., Baheta, A.T., Sharma, K.V.: Experimental measurements of thermal conductivity and viscosity of ethylene glycol-based hybrid nanofluid with \(TiO_2\)-\(CuO/C\) inclusions. J. Mol. Liq. 246, 396–405 (2017)
Talebizadehsardari, P., Shahsavar, A., Toghraie, D., Barnoon, P.: An experimental investigation for study the rheological behavior of water-carbon nanotube/magnetite nanofluid subjected to a magnetic field. Phys. A Stat. Mech. Appl. 534, 122129 (2019)
Martinez, V.A., Vasco, D.A., Herrera, C.M.G., Aguilera, R.O.: Numerical study of TiO2-based nanofluids flow in microchannel heat sinks: effect of the Reynolds number and the microchannel height. Appl. Therm. Eng. 161, 114130 (2019)
Ruhani, B., Barnoon, P., Toghraie, D.: Statistical investigation for developing a new model for rheological behavior of Silica-ethylene glycol/Water hybrid Newtonian nanofluid using experimental data. Phys. A Stat. Mech. Appl. 525, 616–627 (2019)
Umavathi, J.C., Hemavathi, K.: Flow and heat transfer of composite porous medium saturated with nanofluid. Propuls. Power Res. 8, 173–181 (2019)
Li, Z., Shahsavar, A., Niazi, K., Al-Rashed, A.A., Rostami, S.: Numerical assessment on the hydrothermal behavior and irreversibility of MgO-Ag/water hybrid nanofluid flow through a sinusoidal hairpin heat-exchanger. Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transf. 115, 104628 (2020)
Guo, W., Li, G., Zheng, Y., Dong, C.: The effect of flow pulsation on \(Al_2O_3\) nanofluids heat transfer behavior in a helical coil: a numerical analysis. Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 156, 76–85 (2020)
Ahmad, L., Khan, M.: Importance of activation energy in development of chemical covalent bonding in flow of Sisko magneto-nanofluids over a porous moving curved surface. Int. J. Hydrog. Energy 44, 10197–10206 (2019)
Chu, Y.M., Khan, M.I., Khan, N.B., Kadry, S., Khan, S.U., Tlili, I., Nayak, M.K.: Significance of activation energy, bio-convection and magnetohydrodynamic in flow of third grade fluid (non-Newtonian) towards stretched surface: A Buongiorno model analysis. Int. Commun. Heat Mass Transf. 118, 104893 (2020)
Mekheimer, K.S., Elmaboud, Y.A., Abdellateef, A.I.: Peristaltic transport through eccentric cylinders: Mathematical model. Appl. Bion. Biomech. 10, 19–27 (2013)
Dr. Iskander Tlili would like to thank Deanship of Scientific Research at Majmaah University for supporting this work under the Project Number No. R-2021-26.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Tlili, I. Impact of thermal conductivity on the thermophysical properties and rheological behavior of nanofluid and hybrid nanofluid. Math Sci (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40096-021-00377-6
- Nanofluid \((Ni/C_2H_6O_2)\)
- Hybrid nanofluid \((Ni-\gamma Al_2O_3/C_2H_6O_2)\)
- Eccentric pipes
- Peristaltic motion