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Table 1 Kind of coatings that were evaluated in this study and provide their characteristic parameters

From: Quantitative trade-off analysis of infrared light absorber effects contributed to photovoltaic cells performance

References Organic/inorganic infrared-absorbing coating (on silicon sub.) Coating method Characteristic/parameters (measurement) Conditions/variants
[4] PbS (QDs with size-tunable infrared bandgaps) Spin-coating blends PCE Simulated AM 1.5G solar radiation
[5] Poly-(3-hexylthiophene) Low temperatures (< 150 C) + simple spin-coating process High quantum efficiency and high open-circuit voltage ASTM AM 1.5 (Global)
[6] N719 dye Growing vertically oriented single-crystal anatase Dye-sensitized solar cell performance dye absorbance AM1.5
[9] Deposited thin films of perovskite semiconductors Annealing (700 °C, 900 °C, 1050 °C) Bandgaps ranging from 1.6 to 2.3 ev
Cell efficiency Photoluminescence at room temperature
[18] Si nanowires Growing epitaxial Light absorption (1 mW, 488 nm) at room temperature
Wet chemical etching (MACE) Photoluminescence
[10] Thin-film and wide-bandgap absorber layers Plasma reactive ion etching (ICPRIE) + liquid surface passivation techniques Light trapping 400–1100 nm under normal incidence
[11] Single InGaAs/InP Nanolaser-monolithically growth Luminescence yield Room temperature
[13] Copper indium gallium selenide (Cu(InGa)Se2 and high-refractive-index glass materials LSG Eg AMO and AM1.5 solar spectra
Conversion efficiency
Voc, Jsc, FF
[14] Mono-crystalline silicon solar cell Without coating Open-circuit voltage, Voc; short-circuit current, Isc; maximum voltage, Vmp; maximum current, Imp; maximum power, Pmax; solar cell conversion efficiency; PV module conversion efficiency; and fill factor, FF Pulsed light simulator and at STC (hypothetical and artificial operating conditions can not be simulated in natural sunlight where several micro-climatic parameters along with the temperature simultaneously drive the PV module. A temperature in a natural environment is no longer a single-valued function as in the case of a controlled environment)