Investigation on the accuracy of ground penetrating radar in the tunnel based on improved analectic hierarchy process

Abstract

With the rapid development of tunnel engineering in China, geological conditions encountered in tunnel construction are becoming more and more complex. Construction safety has become the top priority of tunnel construction. To avoid geological hazards such as landslides, water inrush, and mud gushing caused by blind construction, ground penetrating radar (GPR) is widely used in the medium distance ahead of a tunnel face. The advanced prediction of GPR is often interfered by factors such as environment, operation, data processing, image interpretation, and other factors, which cause final results to have errors. Therefore, it is highly necessary to track and test prediction effects, and also, to choose scientific and effective evaluation methods for accuracy of the prediction result. Based on the geological radar forecast data of the Yujiashan tunnel, this paper sums up the interference factors of the ground radar forecast and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of different evaluation methods. On this basis, the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) which has many applications in earth sciences, physics, nanotechnology and etc., is improved by integrating the principle of maximum membership of fuzzy comprehensive evaluation. Then, a four-level evaluation model is established, which judges the accuracy of GPR geological prediction. Meanwhile, two geological predictions in the Yujiashan tunnel are selected to be applied in the model. Finally, the recognition level of the accuracy evaluation model is more accurate. The comparison between the actual excavation exposure and the radar image interpretation results shows that the geological radar advance prediction results are more accurate. This verifies the rationality and applicability of using the improved AHP to evaluate the accuracy of geological radar advance prediction.

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Correspondence to Nima Dastanboo or Xiao-Qing Li.

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Dastanboo, N., Li, XQ. & Gharibdoost, H. Investigation on the accuracy of ground penetrating radar in the tunnel based on improved analectic hierarchy process. Int Nano Lett 11, 69–83 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40089-020-00324-8

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Keywords

  • Ground penetrating radar
  • Tunnel geological prediction
  • Fuzzy decision
  • Analectic hierarchy process
  • Yujiashan tunnel