Correlation between the crystal structure and upconversion emission of Ho3+ in AHfO3 (A = Ca, Sr, and Ba)


We investigated the substitution-site dependence of the emission properties of the Ho3+ and the Yb3+ co-doped AHfO3 (A = Ca, Sr, and Ba) perovskite series using ultraviolet (UV) and near-infrared (NIR) photoexcitation. We measured the X-ray diffraction patterns of our samples and found that the crystal symmetry changed from orthorhombic in CaHfO3 and cubic in BaHfO3. Under both UV and NIR excitation, we observed dominant big green (550 nm) and very weak red and near-infrared (660 and 760 nm) emissions from Ho3+ ions. These emission properties depended strongly on the substitution site, i.e., A-site or B-site, in the ABO3-type perovskite, as well as the crystal symmetry of the host materials, which was discernible in the upconversion emission spectra obtained using the NIR photoexcitation. Our results suggest that the substitution site and the crystal symmetry of host materials should play crucial roles in determining the emission property of Ho3+ ions in perovskite hafnates.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7


  1. 1.

    M.K. Shahzad, Y. Zhang, M.U. Khan, H. Sattar, M. Ikram, Curr. Appl. Phys. 19, 739 (2019)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    X. Chen et al., ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 9071 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Q. Qiang, S. Du, X. Ma, W. Chen, G. Zhang, Y. Wang, Dalton Trans. 47, 8656 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    C. Zhang, L. Yang, J. Zhao, B. Liu, M.Y. Han, Z. Zhang, Angew. Chem. 127, 11693 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    T. Cao, T. Yang, Y. Gao, Y. Yang, H. Hu, F. Li, Inorg. Chem. Commun. 13, 392 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    B. Zhou, B. Shi, D. Jin, X. Liu, Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 924 (2015)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    X. Wang, X. Li, R. Shen, S. Xu, L. Cheng, J. Sun, J. Zhang, B. Chen, Spectrochim. Acta Part A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 217, 107 (2019)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    J.H. Chung, J.H. Ryu, S.W. Mhin, K.M. Kim, K.B. Shim, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 3997 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    T.V. Gavrilović, D.J. Jovanović, K. Smits, M.D. Dramićanin, Dyes Pigments 126, 1 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    L. Li, F. Qin, Y. Zhou, Y. Zheng, H. Zhao, Z. Zhang, Curr. Appl. Phys. 19, 480 (2019)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    A. Li, Y. Dong, S. Wang, S. Jia, G. Brambilla, P. Wang, J. Lumin. 218, 116826 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    M.K. Mahata, T. Koppe, K. Kumar, H. Hofsäss, U. Vetter, Sci. Rep. 10, 1 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    P. Singh, R.S. Yadav, P. Singh, S.B. Rai, J. Alloys Compd. 855, 157452 (2021)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    F. Gao, H. Liu, F. Ren, K. Wang, X. Li, Y. Wang, C. He, Y. Wei, Ceram. Int. 46, 3015 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    E. Rauwel, A. Galeckas, P. Rauwel, H. Fjellvåg, Adv. Funct. Mater. 22, 1174 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    H. Retot, A. Bessière, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, Opt. Mater. 30, 1109 (2008)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    A. Dobrowolska, E. Zych, Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie Supplements 2009, 367 (2009)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    X. Huang, J. Alloy. Compd. 690, 356 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    L. Lei, D. Chen, J. Xu, R. Zhang, Y. Wang, Chem. Asian J. 9, 728 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    L.-D. Sun, H. Dong, P.-Z. Zhang, C.-H. Yan, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 66, 619 (2015)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    C. Jiang, L. Fang, M. Shen, F. Zheng, X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071110 (2009)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    A. Dobrowolska, E. Zych, Chem. Mater. 22, 4652 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    D. Yu, X. Huang, S. Ye, Q. Zhang, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 9919 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    H.N. Luitel, S. Mizuno, T. Tani, Y. Takeda, Opt. Mater. 64, 314 (2017)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    H. Li, Y. Zhang, L. Shao, P. Yuan, X. Xia, J. Lumin. 192, 999 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    W. Xu, X. Gao, L. Zheng, Z. Zhang, W. Cao, Opt. Express 20, 18127 (2012)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Y. Zhang, J. Hao, C.L. Mak, X. Wei, Opt. Express 19, 1824 (2011)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    H. Zhao, A. Chang, Y. Wang, Phys. B 404, 2192 (2009)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    D. Cherrad, D. Maouche, M. Reffas, A. Benamrani, Solid State Commun. 150, 350 (2010)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (NRF-2018R1D1A1A02086130).

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Y. S. Lee.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lim, H., Jang, S., Lee, Dj. et al. Correlation between the crystal structure and upconversion emission of Ho3+ in AHfO3 (A = Ca, Sr, and Ba). J. Korean Phys. Soc. 78, 510–515 (2021).

Download citation


  • AHfO3
  • Ho3+/Yb3+
  • Upconversion
  • Substitution site
  • Crystal symmetry