Evaluation of Methane from Sisal Leaf Residue and Palash Leaf Litter

  • S. ArisuthaEmail author
  • P. Baredar
  • D. M. Deshpande
  • S. SureshEmail author
Brief Communication


The aim of this study is to evaluate methane production from sisal leaf residue and palash leaf litter mixed with different bulky materials such as vegetable market waste, hostel kitchen waste and digested biogas slurry in a laboratory scale anaerobic reactor. The mixture was prepared with 1:1 proportion. Maximum methane content of 320 ml/day was observed in the case of sisal leaf residue mixed with vegetable market waste as the feed. Methane content was minimum (47 ml/day), when palash leaf litter was used as feed. This was due to the increased content of lignin and polyphenol in the feedstock which were of complex structure and did not get degraded directly by microorganisms. Sisal leaf residue mixtures also showed highest content of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) as compared to palash leaf litter mixtures. It was observed that VFA concentration in the digester first increased, reached maximum (when pH was minimum) and then decreased.


Sisal waste Leaf litter Anaerobic digester Biogas slurry Acetogenesis 



The authors wish to thank MHRD and MANIT Bhopal, India to carry out experimental work and others.


  1. 1.
    S. Suresh, Adsorption of benzoic acid in aqueous solution by bagasse fly ash. J. Inst. Eng. India Ser. A. 93, 151–161 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Kumar, S. Suresh, S. Arisutha, Production of renewable natural gas from waste biomass. J. Inst. Eng. India Ser. E 94, 55–59 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Suresh, Preparation of nanocelluloses from sisal plants (Agave Sisalana). Winter School on Chemistry and Physics of Materials, jointly organized by International Centre for Materials Science at Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore and Cambridge University, UK, Dec 5–10 (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Sharma, S. Suresh, A. Dubey, Properties and characteristics of sisal fibre reinforced composite. J. Adv. Mater. Res. (Trans Tech Publ) 585, 322–326 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.B. Katiyar, Optimization of engineering and process parameters for vermicomposting. PhD Thesis, Department of Chemical Engineering, MANIT Bhopal, India. p. xx + 187 (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A.M. Mshandele, L. Bjornsson, A.K. Kivaisi, M.S.T. Rubindamayugi, B. Mattiasson, Effect of particle size on biogas yield from sisal fibre waste. Renew. Energy 31, 2302–2385 (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Li, S.Y. Park, J. Zhu, Solid-state anaerobic digestion for methane production from organic waste. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 15, 821–826 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.R. Jain, B. Mattiasson, Acclimatization of methanogenic consortia for low pH biomethanation process. Biotechnol. Lett. 20(8), 771–775 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. Zeeman, W.M. Wiegant, M.E. Koster-Treffers, G. Lettinga, The influence of the total ammonia concentration on the thermophilic digestion of cow manure. Agric. Wastes 14, 19–35 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Borja, E. Sanchez, P. Weiland, Influence of ammonia concentration on thermophilic anaerobic digestion of cattle manure in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors. Process Biochem. 31(5), 477–483 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. Angelidaki, B.K. Ahring, Thermophilic digestion of livestock waste: the effect of ammonia. Appl. Microbiol. Biote chnol. 38, 560–564 (1993)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    B.L. Hilton, J.A. Oleszkiewicz, Sulphide-induced inhibition of anaerobic digestion. J. Environ. Eng. 114, 1377–1391 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D.M. McCartney, J.A. Oleszkiewicz, Sulfide inhibition of anaerobic degradation of lactate and acetate. Water Res. 25(2), 203–209 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Rose, P. Viera, Synthesis and characterization of methylcellulose from sugar cane bagasses cellulose. Carbohydr. Polym. 67(2), 182–189 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.M. Bermner, R.G. Mulvaney, Nitrogen total, in Methods of Soil Analysis ed. by A.L. Pages, R. H. Miller, D.R. Keeney (Am. Soc. Agton. Madison, Wisconsin, 1982), pp. 575–624Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. R. Olsen, C.V. Cole, F.S. Watanabe, L.A. Dean, Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. Circ. US Dept. Agric. 939 (1954)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R.R. Simard, Ammonium acetate extractable elements, in Soil sampling and methods of analysis, ed. by R. Martin, S. Carter (Lewis Publisher, FL, USA, 1993), pp. 39–43Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    APHA. Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater, 20th edn (American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, 1998)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G.F. Parkin, W.F. Owen, Fundamentals of anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludges. J. Environ Eng. ASCE 112(5), 867–920 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H.G. Dar, S.M. Tandon, Biogas production from pretreated wheat straw, lantana residue, apple and peach leaf litter with cattle dung. Biol. Wastes 21, 75–83 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S.D.R. Chowdhry, S.K. Gupta, S.K. Banergy, S.D. Roy Chowdhry, Evaluation of the potentiality of tree leaves for biogas production. Indian For. 120(8), 720–728 (1994)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    K.S. Babu, K. Nand, H.R. Srilatha, K. Srinath, K. Madhukara, Improvement in biomethanation of mango processing wastes by addition of plant derived additives. Biogas Forum III(58), 16–19 (1994)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    B.Z. Zennaki, A. Zaid, K. Bentaya, Anaerobic digestion of cattle manure mixed with the aquatic used Pistia stratiotes. Cahiers Agric. 7(4), 319–321 (1998)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    D.K. Sharma, Studies on availability and utilization of onion storage waste in a rural habitat. Ph.D.thesis, Centre for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India (2002)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M.H. Hwang, N.J. Jang, S.H. Hyum, I.S. Kim, Anerobic bio-hydrogen production from ethanol fermentation: the role of pH. J. Biotechnol. 111, 297–309 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H.W. Yu, Z. Samani, A. Hanson, G. Smith, Energy recovery from grass using two-phase anaerobic digestion. Waste Manag. 22, 1–5 (2002)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M.H.Gerardi, The Microbiology of Anaerobic Digesters (New Jersey, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003), pp. 81–117Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    R.E. Speece, in Anaerobic Digestion of Biomass, ed. by D.P. Chynoweth, R. Isaacson (Elsevier Applied Science, London, 1987) pp. 129–140Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EnergyMaulana Azad National Institute of TechnologyBhopalIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringMaulana Azad National Institute of TechnologyBhopalIndia
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringMaulana Azad National Institute of TechnologyBhopalIndia

Personalised recommendations