Skip to main content

Effect of Rice Husk on the Mechanical Properties of Cement-Based Mortar

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental study on effect of rice husk on the mechanical properties of cement-based mortar. Cement-based mortar enhanced with rice husk between 0 and 2% by weight was cured and tested on 7, 14, 21 and 28 days for their properties. The 0.5% rice husk specimens achieved 24% and 6% increase in tensile and compressive strengths, respectively, over the control. SEM analysis revealed a good bond between the rice husk and the matrix. The study concludes that the inclusion of rice husk positively affects the mechanical properties of the cement-based mortar. 0.5% rice husk is recommended to construction practitioners as an enhancement of cement-based mortar for construction application.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8

References

  1. A.G. Vayghan, A.R. Khaloo, S. Nasiri, F. Rajabipour, Studies on the effect of retention time of rice husk combustion on the ash’s chemo-physical properties and performance in cement mixtures. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 24(6), 691–697 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. J.N. Jha, K.S. Gill, Effect of rice husk ash on lime stabilization of soil. IE(I). J.-CV 87, 33–39 (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  3. E. Apriantis, Effect of rice husk ash as additives in lime mortar, in Proceedings of Ninth The IIER International Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, 7th February 2015, pp. 69–73

  4. H. Danso, D. Manu, Influence of coconut fibres and lime on the properties of soil-cement mortar. Case Stud. Constr. Mater. 12, 1–12 (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  5. C.B. Fokam, E. Toumi, B. Kenmeugne, L. Meva’a, K. Mansouri, Cement mortar reinforced with palm nuts naturals fibers: study of the mechanical properties. J. Compos. Adv. Mater. 30(1), 9–13 (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  6. M.M. Ahmad, F. Ahmad, M. Azmi, M.Z.A.M. Zahid, Properties of cement mortar consisting raw rice husk. Appl. Mech. Mater. 802, 267–271 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. B. Çomak, A. Bideci, Ö.S. Bideci, Effects of hemp fibers on characteristics of cement based mortar. Constr. Build. Mater. 169, 794–799 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. A. Petrella, D. Spasiano, S. Liuzzi, U. Ayr, P. Cosma, V. Rizzi, M. Petrella, R. Di Mundo, Use of cellulose fibers from wheat straw for sustainable cement mortars. J. Sustain. Cement-Based Mater. 8(3), 161–179 (2019)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. K.Q. Tran, T. Satomi, H. Takahashi, Improvement of mechanical behavior of cemented soil reinforced with waste cornsilk fibers. Constr. Build. Mater. 178, 204–210 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. I. Sanou, M. Sawadogo, M. Seynou, L. Zerbo, R. Ouedraogo, Study of the mechanical behaviour of mortars modified with rice husk ash. J. Min. Mater. Charact. Eng. 7, 373–384 (2019)

    Google Scholar 

  11. S. Pavía, R. Walker, P. Veale, A. Wood, Impact of the properties and reactivity of rice husk ash on lime mortar properties. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 26, 1–8 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. H. Chao-Lung, B.L. Anh-Tuan, C. Chun-Tsun, Effect of rice husk ash on the strength and durability characteristics of concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 25, 3768–3772 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. British Standard BS-12:1996, Specification for Portland Cement. British Standards Institution, 1996

  14. BS EN 12620:2002 + A1:2008. Aggregates for concrete. British Standards Institution, 2002

  15. H. Danso, Properties of coconut, oil palm and bagasse fibres: as potential building materials. Procedia Eng. 200, 1–9 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. H. Danso, D.B. Martinson, M. Ali, J.B. Williams, Mechanisms by which the inclusion of natural fibres enhance the properties of soil blocks for construction. J. Compos. Mater. 51(27), 3835–3845 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. BS EN 12390-7:2009. Testing hardened concrete - density of hardened concrete. British Standards Institution, 2019

  18. BS EN 12390-3:2009. Testing hardened concrete - compressive strength of test specimens. British Standards Institution, 2019

  19. BS EN 12390-6:2009. Testing hardened concrete - tensile splitting strength of test specimens. British Standards Institution, 2010

  20. H. Danso, D.B. Martinson, M. Ali, J.B. Williams, Physical, mechanical and durability properties of soil building blocks reinforced with natural fibres. Constr. Build. Mater. 101, 797–809 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. K. Thanushan, Y. Yogananth, P. Sangeeth, J.G. Coonghe, N. Sathiparan, Strength and durability characteristics of coconut fibre reinforced earth cement blocks. J. Nat. Fibers. (2019). https://doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2019.1652220

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. H. Danso, D.B. Martinson, M. Ali, J.B. Williams, Effect of fibre aspect ratio on mechanical properties of soil building blocks. Constr. Build. Mater. 83, 314–319 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. B. Akinyemi, T.E. Omoniyi, O. Elemile, O. Arowofila, Innovative husk-crete building materials from rice chaff and modified cement mortars. Acta Technol. Agric. 2, 67–72 (2020)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Humphrey Danso.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

There is no competing or conflicts of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Danso, H. Effect of Rice Husk on the Mechanical Properties of Cement-Based Mortar. J. Inst. Eng. India Ser. D 101, 205–213 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40033-020-00228-z

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40033-020-00228-z

Keywords

  • Cement-based mortar
  • Compressive strength
  • Density
  • EDS analysis
  • Mechanical properties
  • Rice husk
  • SEM analysis
  • Tensile strength