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A Review Report on Turbocharged Diesel Engine with Alternative Fuels

  • Datla Ravichandra
  • Ravi Kumar Puli
  • V. P. ChandramohanEmail author
Review Paper
  • 32 Downloads

Abstract

The present paper aims to review and forecast the chances of encouraging vegetable oils and their derivatives as alternative fuels in internal combustion (IC) engines with a turbocharger. The biodiesel-operated engines performance can be enhanced with the updated technology like turbochargers. The environmental concerned issues and alarming usage rate of fossil fuels demand the researchers and scientists to work vigorously on biodiesels as an alternate fuel for IC engines. The thermophysical properties of different biodiesels are nearly similar to that of conventional fuels. Most of the experimental work is carried out on the naturally aspirated diesel engine using diesel fuel and blended with biodiesels, but less work was accomplished with a turbocharger. The performance and emissions characteristics with different biodiesels in the diesel engine with turbocharger are analysed. Consumption of biodiesel in a diesel engine with turbocharger shows an extensive reduction in carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbon, particulate matters and nitrogen oxide emissions. Based on performance and emission characteristics, utilization of biodiesels in the turbocharged diesel engine provides better results when compared to conventional engines.

Keywords

Alternative fuels Diesel engine Performance and emissions Turbocharged diesel engine 

Abbreviations

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

BMEP

Brake mean effective pressure (bar)

BSFC

Brake specific fuel consumption (kg/kW-h)

BTE

Brake thermal efficiency (%)

CI

Compression ignition

CO2

Carbon dioxide

CO

Carbon monoxide

CRDi

Common rail direct injection

EGR

Exhaust gas analyser

EPA

Environmental protection agency

HCCI

Homogeneous charge compression ignition

IC

Internal combustion

LHV

Lower heating value (MJ/kg)

NOx

Nitrogen oxide

PES

Percentage energy substitutions

PM

Particulate matter

RBO

Rice bran oil

RBOME

Methyl ester of rice bran oil

SOC

Start of combustion

SO2

Sulphur dioxide

TDI

Turbocharged direct injection

UBHC

Unburned hydrocarbon

ULS

Ultra-low sulphur

Notes

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Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentNational Institute of Technology WarangalWarangalIndia

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