Skip to main content
Log in

Potentiality of Bat Guano as Organic Manure for Improvement of Growth and Photosynthetic Response in Crop Plants

  • Research Article
  • Published:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Potentiality of guano of Black-bearded Tomb bat (Taphozous melanopogon) on the growth and physiological response in two crops, i.e., finger millet (Eleusine coracana) and black gram (Vigna mungo) was assessed in the pot experiments. Plants are grown in different treatments prepared by mixing garden soil with fresh and deposited bat guano, farmyard manure and chemical fertilizer. Addition of fresh and deposited guano in garden soil improves the soil pH, EC, OC, N, P and K. The growth parameters of finger millet and black gram seedlings were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in garden soil amended with fresh and deposited guano compared to other treatments. The leaf photosynthetic rate (PN), transpiration rate (E), stomatal conductance (gs), water use efficiency and carboxylation efficiency were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in both the crops grown on fresh and deposited guano treatments. In addition, minimum fluorescence (Fo) and maximum fluorescence (Fm) were significantly higher in both millet and black gram seedlings grown on fresh and deposited guano treatments but the maximum photochemical efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm) was not significantly (p < 0.05) different among the treatments. Based on the results, fresh and deposited guano in soil amendments has a promoting effect on growth biomass and photosynthesis of both the crops. Taken together, the present study suggests that guano of microchiropteran bat Taphozous melanopogon can be used as a substitute of organic manure for better plant growth and crop productivity.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Shetty S, Sreepada KS, Bhat R (2013a) Effect of bat guano on the growth of Vigna radiata L. Int J Sci Res Publ 3(3):1–8

    Google Scholar 

  2. Badgley C, Moghtader J, Quintero E, Zakern E, Chappell J, Avilés-Vázquez K, Samulon A, Perfecto I (2007) Organic agriculture and the global food supply. Renew Agric Food Syst 22:86–108

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Seufert V, Ramankutty N, Foley AE (2012) Comparing the yields of organic and conventional agriculture. Nature 485:229–232

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Padbhushan R, Das A, Rakshit R, Sharma RP, Kohli A, Kumar R (2016) Long-term organic amendment application improves influence on soil aggregation, aggregate associated carbon and carbon pools under scented rice-potato-onion cropping system after the 9th crop cycle. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 47(21):2445–2457

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Padbhushan R, Das A, Rakshit R, Sharma RP (2016) Effects of various organic amendments on organic carbon pools and water stable aggregates under a scented rice–potato–onion cropping system. Paddy Water Environ 14:481–489

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Fenton MB, Cumming HM, Rautenbach IL, Cumming GS, Cumming MS, Ford G, Tylor RD, Dunlop J, Havorka MD, Johnston DS, Portfors CV, Kalcounis MC, Mahlanga Z (1998) Bats and the lost tree canopy in African woodlands. Conserv Biol 12:399–407

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Korine C, Izahi I, Arad Z (1999) Is the Egyptian fruit-bat Rousettus aegyptiacus a pest in Israel? An analysis of the bat’s diet and implications for its conservation. Biol Conserv 88:301–306

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Keleher H, Sara A (1996) Guano: bats’ gift to gardeners. Bats 14:15–17

    Google Scholar 

  9. Sridhar KR, Ashwini KM, Seena S, Sreepada KS (2006) Manure Quality of guano of insectivorous cave bat. Trop Subtrop Agroecosyst 6:103–110

    Google Scholar 

  10. Molur S, Marimuthu G, Srinivasulu C, Mistry S, Hutson A M, Bates P JJ, Walker S, Padmapriya K, Binupriya A (2002) Status of South Asian Chiroptera: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P.) Workshop Report. Zoo Outreach Organization/CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India.

  11. Debata S, Palita SK, Behera S (2016) Bats of Odisha a pictorial hand book. Odisha Biodiversity Board, Bhubaneswar, India

    Google Scholar 

  12. Debata S, Palita SK (2019) Bat Fauna (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of Southern Odisha along Eastern Ghats. India Proc Zool Soc 72(4):420–429

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Panda D, Mahakhud A, Mohanty B, Mishra SS, Barik J (2018) Genotypic variation of photosynthetic gas exchange and stomatal traits in some traditional rice (Oryza sativa L.) landraces from Koraput, India for crop improvement. Physiol Mol Biol Plants 24(5):973–983

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Walkley A, Black CA (1934) An examination for different methods for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37:29–38

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. APHA (2017) Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. American Public Health Association, USA. ISBN: 978-0-87553-287-5

  16. Arnon DI (1949) Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiol 24:1–15

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Lichtenthaler HK, Wellburn AR (1983) Determinations of total carotenoids and chlorophylls a and b of leaf extracts in different solvents. Biochem Soc Trans 11:591–592

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Grantina-Ievina L, Ievinsh G (2015) Microbiological characteristics and effect on plants of the organic fertilizer from vermicompost and bat guano. Res Rural Dev 1:95–101

    Google Scholar 

  19. Pierson ED (1998) Tall trees, deep holes, and scarred landscapes: conservation biology of North American Bats. In: Kunz TH, Racey PA (eds) Bat Biology and Conservation. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, pp 309–325

    Google Scholar 

  20. Sothearen T, Furey NM, Jurgens JA (2014) Effect of bat guano on the growth of five economically important plant species. J Trop Agric 52(2):169–173

    Google Scholar 

  21. Shetty S, Sreepada KS, Bhat R (2013b) Effect of bat guano on the growth of Vigna radiata L. Int J Sci Res Publ 3(3):1–8

    Google Scholar 

  22. Zodape ST (2001) Seaweeds as a biofertilizer. J Sci Ind Res 60:378–382

    Google Scholar 

  23. Misra PK, Gautam NK, Elangovan V (2019) Bat guano: a rich source of macro and microelements essential for plant growth. Ann Plant Soil Res 21(1):82–86

    Google Scholar 

  24. Shi T, Bibby TS, Jiang L, Irwin AJ, Falkowski PG (2005) Protein interactions limit the rate of evolution of photosynthetic genes in cyanobacteria. Mol Biol Evol 22(11):2179–2189

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Gajić G, Pavlović P, Ostić O, Jarić S, ĐurĐević L, Pavlović D, Mitrović M (2013) Eco physiological and biochemical traits of three herbaceous plants growing on the disposed coal combustion fly ash of different weathering stage. Arch Biol Sci 65(4):1651–16670

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Chandra K (2005) Training manual on organic manures. Regional Centre of Organic Farming, Bangalore, India, pp 1–46

  27. Batra NG, Kumari N, Sharma V (2016) Photosynthetic performance of Ocimum sanctum morphotypes in a semiarid region. J Herbs Spices Med Plant 3:211–224

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Murchie EH, Lawson T (2013) Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis: a guide to good practice and understanding some new applications. J Exp Bot 64(13):3983–3998

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. Calatayud A, Barreno E (2001) Chlorophyll a fluorescence, antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in tomato in response to ozone and benomyl. Environ Pollut 115:283–289

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. Pinnola A, Dall’Osto L, Gerotto C, Morosinotto T, Bassi R, Alboresi A (2013) Zeaxanthin binds to light-harvesting complex stress-related protein to enhance non photochemical quenching in Physcomitrella patens. Plant Cell 25(9):3519–3534

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the University Grant Commission (UGC), New Delhi for providing a Non-NET Fellowship to the second author.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Debabrata Panda.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Significance Statement The study reports the sustainable use of bat guano as a substitute for organic manure and crop productivity. The study suggested that bat guano can be used as a substitute of organic manure for better plant growth and crop productivity.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary file1 (DOCX 2308 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Palita, S.K., Panigrahi, R. & Panda, D. Potentiality of Bat Guano as Organic Manure for Improvement of Growth and Photosynthetic Response in Crop Plants. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. B Biol. Sci. 91, 185–193 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40011-020-01205-y

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40011-020-01205-y

Keywords

Navigation