Surimi processing wastewater characteristically contains high quantities of organic materials. Continuous discharge of this wastewater into the ocean, especially from near-shore facilities, causes serious harm to the marine environment. A combination of rotating biological contactor and moving bed biofilm reactor processes was used in the present study for the treatment of surimi processing wastewater. Using this combined continuous system, 100% protein, 96% influent NH4+-N and 85% COD were removed from the effluent (COD/TKN ratio 2.1:1) in a hydraulic retention time of 48 h, without adding an external carbon source. Therefore, an odour-free treated effluent was generated. Results suggest effective remediation of surimi processing wastewater using this combination system and better performance as compared to reactors previously reported.
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This work was supported by the National Fund for Basic, Strategic and Frontier Application Research in Agriculture (NFBSFARA), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, India, for financial grant [NFBSFARA/WQ-2022/2011-12].
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest to publish this manuscript.
A combination of rotating biological contactor and moving bed biofilm reactor was developed that could remove 100% protein, 96% NH4+-N and 85% COD from surimi processing wastewater. It performed better than conventional and other reported systems.
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Keluskar, R.P., Ghosh, S., Mani, M.K. et al. Application of a Rotating Biological Contactor and Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor Hybrid in Bioremediating Surimi Processing Wastewater. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. B Biol. Sci. 89, 1471–1478 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40011-019-01074-0
- Rotating biological contactor
- Moving bed biofilm reactor
- Surimi processing wastewater
- Simultaneous nitrification–denitrification