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GIS Mapping and Breeding Habitat Characterization of Anophelines Occurring in Malaria Endemic Areas of Hooghly, WB, India

  • Madhurima Seal
  • Debprakash Pahari
  • Nimai Chandra Saha
  • Soumendranath Chatterjee
Research Article

Abstract

The mosquitoes are small dipteran insect vectors responsible for various diseases like malaria as one of the major health problem that causes enormous mortality and morbidity in tropical and subtropical countries. The breeding habitat of mosquitoes is crucial for its population dynamics, since it is the location where many important life cycle processes occur such as oviposition, larval development, and emergence of the adult take place. The present study depicted the spatial distribution of anopheline larval (Anopheles subpictus) habitats using GIS mapping in malaria prone blocks of Hooghly district, West Bengal, India. Physico-chemical parameters like pH, dissolved oxygen content, turbidity, alkalinity, total dissolved solids and chloride content in relation to the larval prevalence of various breeding habitats were recorded during the study period (from Dec’2015 to Nov’2016). The present investigation showed the correlation between the physico-chemical parameters and anopheline larval abundance to be considered as a key factor for taking effective management programme to combat malaria .

Keywords

Anopheline larvae Anopheles subpictus Breeding habitat GIS mapping Physicochemical parameters 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to PURSE, DST FIST, The University of Burdwan for providing the infrastructure to carry out the work.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madhurima Seal
    • 1
  • Debprakash Pahari
    • 2
  • Nimai Chandra Saha
    • 3
  • Soumendranath Chatterjee
    • 1
  1. 1.Parasitology and Microbiology Research Laboratory, Department of ZoologyThe University of BurdwanBurdwanIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyThe University of BurdwanBurdwanIndia
  3. 3.Fishery and Ecotoxicology Research Laboratory (Vice-Chancellor’s Research Group), Department of ZoologyThe University of BurdwanBurdwanIndia

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