The Berries of Santalum album L. as a New Source of Cyanidin-3-Glucoside and Chemical Profiling during Different Stages of Berry Development

Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s40011-014-0312-0

Cite this article as:
Khan, M.I. & Giridhar, P. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. B Biol. Sci. (2014) 84: 689. doi:10.1007/s40011-014-0312-0


Changes during development of Santalum album L. berries were studied with respect to contents of pigment, carbohydrates, proteins, phenols, organic acids, colour and biomass. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (anthocyanin pigment) content increased rapidly from early (green) through intermediate (pink) to matured stage (black). Carbohydrates and proteins contents also increased during berry development. Phenols contents got reduced on maturation of the berries while total organic acids contents increased. Colour parameters such as L, b and chroma values decreased, whereas a value increased from green to pink stage, then decreased on ripening of the berries. Although berry size increased but seed weight did not change indicating biomass increase. From the present study, it is concluded that only the black (or matured) berries of S. album may be harvested for maximum yield of anthocyanin pigment.


Carbohydrates Colour Cyanidin-3-glucoside Organic acids Proteins 

Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Cell Biotechnology DepartmentCSIR-Central Food Technological Research InstituteMysoreIndia

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