Ameliorative Effect of Selenium on Enrofloxacin-Induced Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Imbalance

Abstract

Fluoroquinolones are a very important class of antimicrobials used in veterinary practice now a days. Current study was designed to evaluate the ameliorative effect of selenium on the enrofloxacin induced alterations in the antioxidant status of rat. The rats were divided into five groups of eight each. Group I served as control. Two groups were administered enrofloxacin at the dose rate of 20 and 80 mg/kg body weight, respectively for 21 days and other two groups were co-administered with organic selenium at supra nutritional level in the feed and gavaged enrofloxacin at the dose rate of 20 and 80 mg/kg body weight, respectively for 21 days. Enrofloxacin administration resulted in a marked alteration in antioxidant status in the blood of rats. There was a significant increase in the extent of lipid peroxidation but the extent of lipid peroxidation was lesser in the selenium supplemented groups. The activity of antioxidant enzymes viz. glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase was significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner. The altered activities of the enzymes were improved with selenium supplementation. The results from the current study indicate that enrofloxacin administration for 21 days results in an altered antioxidant status in rats and induces a dose-dependent lipid peroxidation. These alterations were prevented by simultaneous exposure of selenium in the diet.

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Correspondence to Soya Rungsung.

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Rungsung, S., Rampal, S. Ameliorative Effect of Selenium on Enrofloxacin-Induced Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Imbalance. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. B Biol. Sci. 84, 947–951 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40011-014-0304-0

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Keywords

  • Oxidative stress
  • Enrofloxacin
  • Selenium
  • Lipid peroxidation