Characterization of Phenolic Compounds from Parmelia reticulata Tayl


Secondary metabolite composition of the bioactive extract fractions of Parmelia reticulata was analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry followed by isolation of metabolites by chromatographic techniques using a polarity gradient. Compounds obtained were characterized using spectroscopy techniques. Structure elucidation of obtained metabolites is discussed (Pr XIIb, Pr XIIIb and Pr XIVb), and 2D NMR (HMBC and HSBC) spectral data of Pr XIV are reported for the very first time.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3


  1. 1.

    Huneck S (1999) The significance of lichens and their metabolites. Naturwissenschaften 86:559–570

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Molnar K, Farkas E (2010) Current results on biological activities of lichen secondary metabolites: a review. Z Naturforsch C 65:157173

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Müller K (2001) Pharmaceutically relevant metabolites from lichens. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 56:9–16

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Wörgötter ES (2008) Nat Prod Rep 25:188

  5. 5.

    Elix JA (1996) Biochemistry and secondary metabolites. In: Nash TH III (ed) Lichen biology, 1st edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 155

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Goel M, Sharma PK, Dureja P, Rani A, Uniyal PL (2011) Antifungal activity of extracts of the lichens Parmelia reticulata, Ramalina roesleri, Usnea longissima and Stereocaulon himalayense. Arch Phytopathol Plant Prot 44(13):1300–1311

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Goel M, Dureja P, Rani A, Uniyal PL, Laatsch H (2011) Isolation, characterization and antifungal activity of major constituents of the himalayan lichen Parmelia reticulata Tayl. J Agric Food Chem 59(6):2299–2307

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Laatsch H (2011) A data base for rapid dereplication and structure determination of microbial natural products; AntiBase. Wiley, Weinheim

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Frank E, Dayan FE, Romangi JG (2001) Lichens as a potential source of pesticides. Pestic Outlook 12:229–232

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Zambare VasudeoP, Christopher LewP (2012) Biopharmaceutical potential of lichens. Pharm Biol 50(6):778–798

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Gulluce M, Aslan A, Sokmen M, Sahin F, Adiguzel A, Agar G, Sokmen A (2006) Screeningthe antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the lichens Parmelia saxatilis, Platismatia glauca, Ramalina pollinaria, Ramalina polymorpha and Umbilicaria nylanderiana. Phytomedicine 13:515521

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Sisodia R, Goel M, Verma S, Rani A, Dureja P (2013) Antibacterial and antioxidant activity of lichen species Ramalina roesleri Nyl. Nat Prod Res 27:2235–2239

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Goel M, Rani A, Dureja P, Uniyal P (2014) Investigation of allelopathic potentiality of the himalayan lichen Parmelia reticulata Tayl. against Phalaris minor retz. APCBEE Proc 9:140–144

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Goel M, Singh B (2014) Efficacy of major chemical constituents isolated from Himalayan Lichen Ramalina roesleri Nyl. against soil borne plant pathogenic fungi. Int J Appl Eng Res 10:35

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Prem Lal Uniyal.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Goel, M., Laatsch, H. & Uniyal, P.L. Characterization of Phenolic Compounds from Parmelia reticulata Tayl. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 42, 471–474 (2019).

Download citation


  • Bioactivity
  • Secondary metabolites
  • Parmelia reticulata