Advertisement

National Academy Science Letters

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 69–73 | Cite as

Juniperus chinensis L. (Cupressaceae): A New Taxa Record for Himalaya and Extension of Geographic Distribution in South Asia

  • Bikarma Singh
  • Phalisteen Sultan
  • Yashbir Singh Bedi
Short Communication

Abstract

The present communication reports an extended distribution of Juniperus chinensis L. in the Indian Himalaya where it has been collected from Gurez valley of Jammu and Kashmir state. This record extends the known geographic distribution from Central and Southeast Asia to South Asia. Current finding strongly supports a relationship between northern Himalayan range of India and southern hill ranges of China. A detailed revised description, photographs, cone phenology, associated species and threat status as per IUCN have been provided for easy identification.

Keywords

Juniperus chinensis New record Indian Himalaya South Asia Threatened species 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The Authors are thankful to Dr. Ram A Vishwakarma, Director, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu for facilities and encouragement. This work is supported by grant from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India, New Delhi under 12th five year Plan project ‘Bioprospection of plant resources and other natural products (BSC–0106)’, and ‘Collection of plant resources from selected ecological niches for novel bioactivities (MLP-1007). This article represents institutional communication number IIIM/1647/2014.

References

  1. 1.
    Sharma E, Chettri N, Oli KR (2010) Mountain biodiversity conservation and management: a paradigm shift in policies and practices in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas. Ecol Res 25(5):909–923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    CIA World (2013) Total Area-sq km 2013 country ranks, by rank. http://www.photius.com/rankings/geography/total_area_sq_km_2013_0.html. Accessed 13 Feb 2014
  3. 3.
    Singh MP, Vishwakarma V (1997) Forest environment and biodiversity. Daya Publishing House, Delhi, p 427Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bhatnagar SP, Moitra A (1996) Gymnosperms. Publisher New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, p 445Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Christenhusz MJM, Reveal JL, Farjon A, Gardner MF, Mill RR, Chase MW (2011) A new classification and linear sequence of extant gymnosperms. Phytotaxa 19:55–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Biswas K (1933) The distribution of wild conifers in the Indian Empire. J Indian Bot Soc 12:24–47Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Srivastava RC (2006) Diversity and economic importance of living gymnosperms in India. Natl Acad Sci Lett 29:75–84Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dar AR, Dar GH (2006) The wealth of Kashmir Himalaya-Gymnosperms. Asian J Pl Sci 5:251–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tewari LM, Jalal JS, Kumar S, Pangtey YPS, Kumar R (2010) Wild and exotic gymnosperms of Uttarakhand, Central Himalaya. EJBS 4(1):32–36Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lakušić B, Lakušić D (2011) Anatomy of four taxa of the Genus Juniperus sect. Juniperus (Cupressaceae) from the Balkan Peninsula. Bot Serb 35(2):145–156Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jain KK (1976) A taxonomic revision of the Himalayan junipers. Indian For 102:109–118Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dar GH, Christensen KI (2003) Gymnosperms of the Western Himalaya, the genus Juniperus (Cupressaceae). Pak J Bot 35(3):283–311Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Champion HG, Seth SK (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India. Manager of Publications, Government of India, Delhi, p 404Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hooker JD (1885) Flora of British India. L. Reeve & Co Ltd., Ashfort, Kent, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Osmaston AE (1927) A forest flora for Kumaun. Superintendent Government Press, Allahabad, p 605Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Raizada MB, Sahni KC (1958) Living Indian gymnosperms. Part I. Indian For Rec (NS) Bot 5:73–150Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sahni KC (1990) Gymnosperms of India and adjacent countries. Publisher Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, p 169Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Biswas C, Johri BM (1997) The gymnosperms. Spinger, Belin, p 494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Adams RP (2014) Junipers of the world: the genus Juniperus, 4th edn. Trafford Publishing, Victoria, p 417Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sporne KR (1974) The morphology of gymnosperms: The structure and evolution of primitive seed-plants. Hutchinson University Library, London, p 216Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jain SK, Rao RR (1977) A handbook of field and herbarium methods. Today & Tomorrow’s Printers and Publishers, New Delhi, p 157Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Raina VK, Srivastava SK, Syamsundar KV (2005) Essential oil composition of Juniperus chinensis from the plains of Northern India. Flavour Frag J 20(1):57–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Farjon A (2013) Juniperus chinensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 February 2014
  24. 24.
    IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee (2010). Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Version 8.1. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Subcommittee in March 2010. Downloaded from http://intranet.iucn.org/webfiles/doc/SSC/RedList/RedListGuidelines.pdf

Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bikarma Singh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Phalisteen Sultan
    • 3
  • Yashbir Singh Bedi
    • 4
    • 2
  1. 1.Biodiversity and Applied Botany Division (Herbarium Section)CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative MedicineJammu-TawiIndia
  2. 2.Academy of Scientific and Innovative ResearchNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Branch LaboratoryCSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative MedicineSrinagarIndia
  4. 4.Plant Biotechnology DivisionCSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative MedicineJammu-TawiIndia

Personalised recommendations