National Academy Science Letters

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 445–447 | Cite as

Essential Oil Constituents of Angelica glauca Edgew. Roots: An Endangered Species from Uttarakhand Himalaya (India)

  • Vijay Kant Purohit
  • Harish Chandra Andola
  • Syed Zafar HaiderEmail author
  • Deepti Tiwari
  • Yateesh Mohan Bahuguna
  • Keshav Chandra Gairola
  • Kusum Arunachalam
Short Communication


The roots of Angelica glauca Edgew., a high value critically endangered plant, were collected from two alpine Himalayan locations of Uttarakhand (India). The essential oils were obtained by hydro-distillation, analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) in order to determine the variation of concentration in their constituents. A total of 26 compounds were identified in both the oils, representing 97.7–98.2 % of total oil compositions. The major components of A. glauca oils were characterised as (Z)-ligustilide (40.6–53.0 %), (Z)-butylidene phthalide (20.7–32.8 %), (E)-butylidene phthalide (2.5–5.9 %) and (E)-ligustilide (2.1–2.3 %). Due to the higher relative area quantum of monomeric lactones (phthalides and ligustilides) in A. glauca populations (69.3–90.6 %) growing in Uttarakhand, there is a need to develop propagation protocol for mass multiplication and in situ and ex situ conservation.


Angelica glauca Apiaceae Essential oil (Z)-ligustilide Himalaya 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the Uttarakhand State Biotechnology Department (USBD), Govt. of Uttarakhand for financial support, Director, High Altitude Plant Physiology Research Centre (HAPPRC) and Prof. V. K. Jain, Vice Chancellor, Doon University for providing all the necessary facilities and valuable suggestions during the course of this study. Authors also thank VS Rawat, J Singh, P Singh and DP Gairola for assistance during field survey from different high altitude areas of Uttarakhand.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vijay Kant Purohit
    • 1
  • Harish Chandra Andola
    • 2
  • Syed Zafar Haider
    • 3
    Email author
  • Deepti Tiwari
    • 1
  • Yateesh Mohan Bahuguna
    • 1
  • Keshav Chandra Gairola
    • 1
  • Kusum Arunachalam
    • 2
  1. 1.High Altitude Plant Physiology Research Centre (HAPPRC)H.N.B. Garhwal University (A Central University)SrinagarIndia
  2. 2.School of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource (SENR)Doon UniversityDehradunIndia
  3. 3.Centre for Aromatic Plants (CAP)DehradunIndia

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