Mangrove Inventory of India at Community Level
Mangroves are salt tolerant plants that occur between 32°N and 38°S latitudes. Mangroves play an important role in stabilizing shoreline and protect the coast against storm surges and heavy tides. Though the mangrove inventory has been done earlier in India using satellite data but no systematic attempts has been made to map the mangroves at the community level for the entire country. The present paper reports the mangrove inventory at community level for India using Resourcesat-1 satellite data. State wise inventory on the mangrove area and the dominant communities are presented. Total area under mangrove based on the satellite data of 2005–2007 is 495,620 ha. West Bengal has the highest area under mangrove.
KeywordsMangrove Coastal habitats Coastal zone Resourcesat-1 Community zonation
Authors are thankful to Dr. R. R. Navalgund, Director and Shri. A. S. Kiran Kumar, Associate Director, Space Applications Centre for their interest in the present work. Authors are also thankful to their scientist colleagues for providing all possible help in carrying out this study. Efforts made by Ms. Shweta Sharma in preparation of the manuscript are thankfully acknowledged.
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