Skip to main content

Quantitative Separation of Nitrogen and Non-Nitrogen Rotation Benefits for Maize Following Velvet Bean Under Selected Soil Management Practices

Abstract

It is increasingly known that factors other than legume-fixed nitrogen contribute to rotation benefit (yield advantage of legume/cereal over cereal/cereal). The contributions of nitrogen and such other factors were quantified to guide soil fertility management in legume/cereal systems. Under greenhouse conditions, the effects of returning first crop’s residue to the soil, crop sequence (velvet/maize, maize/maize) and nitrogen-fertilizer level on yield of second maize were used to separate rotation benefits into nitrogen and non-nitrogen factors, while the corresponding effects of crop sequence, mycorrhizal inoculation and phosphorus-targeted fertilization in a parallel experiment were used to disaggregate the non-nitrogen effects. Crop residue and velvet/maize had positive effects on soil nitrogen and maize yield. Nitrogen fertilizer had optimal effects at 60 kg ha−1, while phosphorus enhanced maize yields the most when no essential nutrient was limiting. Rotation benefit was lower without (13.59%) than with (33.27%) residue. Non-nitrogen rotation benefit was 37.5%. Relative contributions of nitrogen, phosphorus, other nutrients, mycorrhiza and not-considered factors were, respectively, 34, 9, 6, 21 and 30% without residue and 68, 4, 3, 10 and 15% with residue. Crop residue management has, therefore, a strong underlying influence on legume-to-cereal rotation benefit and the relative contribution of its components.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Adeboye MKA, Iwuafor ENO, Agbenin JO (2005) Rotation effects of grain and herbaceous legumes on maize yield and chemical properties of an Alfisol in the Northern Guinea savanna, Nigeria. Niger J Soil Res 6:22–31

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Adeleke MA, Haruna IM (2012) Residual nitrogen contributions from grain legumes to the growth and development of succeeding maize crop. ISRN Agron. doi:10.5402/2012/213729

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Alvey S, Bagayoko M, Neumann G, Buerkert A (2001) Cereal/legume rotations affect chemical properties and biological activities in two West African soils. Pl Soil 23:45–54

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Armstrong EL, Pate JS, Unkovich MJ (1994) Nitrogen balance of field pea crops in South Western Australia, studied using the 15 N natural abundance technique. Aust J Pl Physiol 21:533–549

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    BagayokoM Buerkert A, Lung G, Bationo A, Romheld V (2000) Cereal/legume rotation effects on cereal growth in Sudano-Sahelian West Africa: soil mineral, mycorrhizae and nematodes. Pl Soil 218:103–116

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Bationo A, Ntare BR, Pierre D, Christianson BC (1994) Crop rotation effects and crop yield and soil productivity in the West Africa semi-arid tropics. Fertil Res 37:75–81

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Bremmer JM, Mulvaney CS (1982) Total nitrogen. In: Page et al (ed) Methods of soil analysis, part II, vol 9. American Society of Agronomy, Agronomy Monograph, Madison, pp 595–624

  8. 8.

    Buerkert A, Bagayoko M, Alvey S, Bationo A (2001) Causes of legume/cereal rotation effects in increasing cereal yields across the Sudanian, Sahelian and Guinean zone of West Africa. Pl Soil 220:101–120

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Chikoye D, Manyong VM, Carsky RJ, Ekeleme F, Gbehounou G, Ahanchede A (2002) Response of spear grass (Imperata cylindrica) to cover crops integrated with hand weeding and chemical control in maize and cassava. Crop Prot 21:145–156

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Dakora FD, Keya SO (1997) Contribution of legume nitrogen fixation to sustainable agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. Soil Biol Biochem 29:809–817

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Ennin SA, Dapaah HK, Abaidoo RC (2004) Nitrogen credits from cowpea, soybean, groundnut and Mucuna to maize in rotation. West African J Appl Ecol 6:65–74 

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Gianinazzi S, Schuepp H, Bare JM, Haselwandter K (eds) (2002) Mycorrhizal technology in agriculture—from genes to bioproducts. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Hairiah K, van Noordwijk KM (1989) Root distribution of leguminous cover crops in the humid tropics and effects on subsequent maize crop. In: Van der HeideJ (ed), Proceedings of symposium in nutrient management for food crop production in tropical farming systems. Institute of soil fertility, Haren, Netherlands: Malang, 19–24 Oct 1987, pp 157–169

  14. 14.

    Hassan HM, Marschner P, McNeill A (2010) Growth, P uptake in grain legumes and changes in soil P pools in the rhizosphere. In: Paper presented at the 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World, 1–6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia

  15. 15.

    Honlonkou AN, Manyong VM, Tchetche N (1999) Farmers’ perception and the dynamics of adoption of a resource management technology: the case of Mucuna fallow in southern Benin, West Africa. Int For Rev 1:228–235

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Janzen HH, Schaalje GB (1992) Barley response to nitrogen and non-nutritional benefits of legume green manure. Pl Soil 142:19–30

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Kachaka S, Vanlauwe B, Merckx R (1993) Decomposition and nitrogen mineralization of prunings of different quality. In: Mulongoy K, Merckx R (eds) Soil organic matter dynamics and sustainability of tropical agriculture. Wiley, Chichester, pp 199–208

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Kaleem FZ (1993) Assessment of benefits from legumes to following maize crop. In: 1989 annual report of Nyankpala agricultural research experimental station, Ghana, Tamali, Ghana, pp 109–113

  19. 19.

    Kamh M, Abdou M, Chude V, Wiesler F, Horst WJ (2002) Mobilization of phosphorus contributes to positive rotational effects of leguminous cover crops on maize grown on soils from northern Nigeria. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 165:566–572

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Karlen DL, Varvel GE, Bullock DG, Cruse RM (1994) Crop rotations for the 21st century. Adv Agron 53:45

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Kundsen D, Peterson GA, Pratt PF (1982) Lithium, sodium and potassium. In: Page AL (ed) Methods of soil analysis, part I, vol 9. American society of agronomy, agronomy monograph, Madison, pp 241–262

  22. 22.

    Landon JR (ed) (1991) Booker tropical soil manual. A book for soil survey and land evaluation in the tropic and subtropics. Wiley, New York, p 474

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Lupwayi NZ, Kennedy AC, Chirwa RM (2011) Grain legume impacts on soil biological processes in sub-Saharan Africa. Afr J Pl Sci 5:1–7

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Mandimba GR (1995) Contribution of nodulated legumes on the growth of Zea mays L. under various cropping systems. Symbiosis 19:213–222

    Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    McLean EO (1982) Soil pH and lime requirements. In: Page et al (eds) Methods of soil analysis, part II, vol 9. American society of agronomy, agronomy monograph, Madison, pp 199–224

  26. 26.

    Mohammad W, Shah SM, Shehzadi S, Shah SA (2012) Effect of tillage, rotation and crop residues on wheat crop productivity, fertilizer nitrogen and water use efficiency and soil organic carbon status in dry area (rainfed) of north-west Pakistan. J Soil Sci Pl Nutr 12:715–727

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Nelson DW, Sommers LE (1982) Total C, organic C and organic matter. In: Page et al (eds) Methods of soil analysis, part II, vol 9. American society of agronomy, agronomy monograph, Madison, pp 359–580

  28. 28.

    Obalum SE, Okpara IM, Obi ME, Wakatsuki T (2011) Short term effects of tillage-mulch practices under sorghum and soybean on organic carbon and eutrophic status of a degraded Ultisol in southeastern Nigeria. Trop Subtrop Agroecosyst 14:393–403

    Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Oikeh SO, Chude VO, Carsky RJ, Weber GK, Horst WJ (1998) Legume rotation in the moist tropical savanna: managing soil nitrogen dynamics and cereal yields in farmers’ fields. Exp Agric 34:73–83

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Okito A, Alves BJR, Urquiaga S, Boddey RM (2004) Nitrogen fixation by groundnut and velvet bean and residual benefit to a subsequent maize crop. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 39:1183–1190

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Okpara IM, Igwe CA (2014) Soil chemical properties and legume-cereal rotation benefits in an Ultisol in Nsukka, southeastern Nigeria. Afr J Biotech 13:2341–2349

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR (1982) Methods of soil analysis, part II. Madison: American society of agronomy. Agron Monogr 9:579

    Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Pypers P, Huybrighs M, Diels J, Abaidoo R, Smolders E, Merckx R (2007) Does the enhanced P acquisition by maize following legumes in a rotation result from improved soil P availability? Soil Biol Biochem 39:2555–2566

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    Sanginga N (2003) Role of biological nitrogen fixation in legume based cropping systems; a case study of West Africa farming systems. Pl Soil 252:25–39

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    Sanginga N, Dashiell K, Diels J, Vanlauwe B, Lyasse O, Carsky RJ, Tarawali S, Asafo-Adjei B, Menkir A, Schulz S, Singh BB, Chikoye D, Keatinge D, Ortiz R (2003) Sustainable resource management coupled to resilient germplasm to provide new intensive cereal-grain-legume livestock systems in the dry savanna. Agr Ecosyst Environ 100:305–314

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    Institute SAS (1999) SAS user’s guide. SAS Institute, Cary

    Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    Stevenson FC, van Kessel C (1996) The nitrogen and non-nitrogen rotation benefits of pea to succeeding crops. Can J Pl Sci 76:735–745

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. 38.

    Versteeg MN, Amadji F, Eteka A, Gogan A, Koudokpon V (1998) Farmers’ adoptability of Mucuna fallowing and agroforestry technologies in the coastal savanna of Benin. Agric Syst 56:269–287

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. 39.

    Yusuf AA, Iwuafor ENO, Abaidoo RC, Olufajo OO, Sanginga N (2009) Grain legume rotation benefits to maize in the northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria: fixed-nitrogen versus other rotation effects. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 84(2):129–139

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    Yusuf AA, Iwuafor ENO, Abaidoo RC, Olufajo OO, Sanginga N (2009) Effect of crop rotation and nitrogen fertilization on yield and nitrogen efficiency in maize in the northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. Afr J Agric Res 4(10):913–921

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria, through a doctoral research fellowship awarded to the first author, I. M. Uzoh.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. E. Obalum.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Uzoh, I.M., Obalum, S.E., Igwe, C.A. et al. Quantitative Separation of Nitrogen and Non-Nitrogen Rotation Benefits for Maize Following Velvet Bean Under Selected Soil Management Practices. Agric Res 6, 378–388 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-017-0272-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Legume/cereal crop rotation
  • Legume-fixed soil nitrogen
  • Monocropping system
  • Non-nitrogen rotation benefits
  • Soil available phosphorus