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Influence of Chromium Contamination on Carbon Mineralization and Enzymatic Activities in Vertisol

Abstract

Chromium (Cr) contamination may affect different biochemical process in the soil. In a laboratory experiment, graded doses of hexavalent chromium were applied to a clay loam soil to investigate the impact on carbon (C) mineralization rate and the enzymatic activities at various time intervals. The maximum reduction in C mineralization was noticed at 100 mg/kg Cr at 45 days after incubation. Initially, the C mineralization rate was high but decreased at faster rate with lapse of time. It was observed that increasing the Cr concentration from 0 to 100 mg/kg resulted in reduction in dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase and fluorescein diacetate activities to the extent of 70, 63 and 41%, respectively. Among the enzymes, dehydrogenase activity was more sensitive to Cr toxicity. In conclusion, Cr toxicity negatively affected the microbial mediated C mineralization and enzymatic activities, which may adversely affect nutrient transformation in the soil and deterioration of soil health.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank to the supporting staff of the Division of Environmental Soil Science, ICAR-IISS Bhopal for necessary help during the experiment. This is the part of the heavy metal interaction project funded by ICAR-IISS, Bhopal.

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Correspondence to M. L. Dotaniya.

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Dotaniya, M.L., Rajendiran, S., Meena, V.D. et al. Influence of Chromium Contamination on Carbon Mineralization and Enzymatic Activities in Vertisol. Agric Res 6, 91–96 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-016-0242-6

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Keywords

  • Alkaline phosphatase activity
  • Chromium contamination
  • Carbon mineralization
  • Dehydrogenase activity
  • Fluorescein diacetate activity