Skip to main content

Adoption of Modern Rice Cultivation Practices in Bihar, India: Micro-level Evidences from Village-Level Studies


This study was conducted to understand the adoption of improved technologies and cultivation practices in rice production in Bihar. The study is based on the high-frequency field-level data being collected under ICAR-ICRISAT project on village dynamics studies in South Asia. The findings of the study show that the adoption of modern technology is directly related to the size of holding. The inverse relationship between productivity and farm size has ceased to operate in recent years. This study reaffirms this trend. The study suggests for designing appropriate and implementable agrarian policies with strong monitoring and evaluation framework to accelerate the speed of adoption of modern technologies to enhance rice productivity in eastern India in general and Bihar in particular.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    The VLS are longitudinal surveys initiated by ICRISAT in 1975 in six Indian villages. The surveys continued for the next 10 years, before formally closing in 1985 in response to budgetary pressure. The surveys were reopened in 2002 in the initial six villages, starting with low-frequency rounds and with higher-frequency interviews since 2005–06. Subsequently in 2010, the coverage was enhanced by including 12 villages in the eastern India with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The VLS data, however, cannot be treated as representative data for districts, states or the agro-climatic region within which the villages are located due to the relatively small sample coverage.


  1. 1.

    Amin AKMK, Haque MA (2009) Seedling age influence rice performance. Philipp J Sci 138(2):219–226

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Bihar, Department of Agriculture, Input: Fertilizers. Accessed 25 Sept 2014

  3. 3.

    Burton M, Rigby D, Young T (1999) Analysis of the determinants of adoption of organic horticultural techniques in the Philippines. J Agric Econ 50:47–63

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Chand R, Lakshmi Prasanna PA, Singh A (2011) Farm size and productivity: understanding the strengths of smallholders and improving their livelihoods. Econ Polit Wkly Suppl EPW 46(26, 27):5–11

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    India, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, “Agricultural Census”, various issues

  6. 6.

    India, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Directorate of Economics & Statistics, “Indian Agriculture in Brief” (various issues)

  7. 7.

    Jha D, Hojjati B, Vosti S (1991) The use of improved agricultural technology in Eastern Province. In: Celis R, Milimo JT, Wanmali S (eds) Adopting improving farm technology: study of small holder farmers in Eastern Province, Zambia. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, pp 173–201

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Jha AK, Kumar A (2001) Adoption of modern varieties of rice in Bihar. Agric Ext Rev 13(3):9–15

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Kumar A, Joshi PK (2015) Transforming agriculture in Eastern India: challenges and opportunities, monograph. IFPRI South Asia, New Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Kumar A, Kumar P, Sharma AN (2011) Rural poverty and agricultural growth in India: implications for the twelfth five year plan. Indian J Agric Econ 66(3):269–278

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Langer W (2000) Assessment of fit in the class of logistic regression models: a pathway out of the jungle of pseudo R2s. Institute of Sociology, Martin Luther University of Aalle-Wittenberg, Halle

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Mariano MJ, Villano R, Fleming E (2012) Factors influencing farmers’ adoption of modern rice technologies and good management practices in the Philippines. Agric Syst 110(2012):41–53

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Muzari W, Gatsi W, Muvhunzi S (2012) The impacts of technology adoption on smallholder agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review. J Sustain Dev 5(8) ISSN 1913–9063 E-ISSN 1913–9071 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education

  14. 14.

    Rahimpour L, Morteza SM, Mousavi AA (2013) Effect of seedling age on yield and yield component of rice cultivars. Ann Biol Res 4(2):72–76

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Singh RKP, Sinha DK, Singh LN (2004) Impact of modern agricultural technology on rice production in Bihar. Agric Econ Res Rev 17(conf.):59–67

  16. 16.

    Singh RKP, Kumar A, Singh KM, Kumar A (2014) Agricultural production performance on small farm holdings: some empirical evidences from Bihar, India. In: 8th international conference of Asian society of agricultural economics. Savar, Bangladesh (October 15–17, 2014)

  17. 17.

    Swaminathan MS, Bhavani RV (2013) Food production & availability-essential prerequisites for sustainable food security. Indian J Med Res 138(3):383–391

    CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Wilson K (2002) Small cultivators in Bihar and ‘New technology’. Econ Polit Weekly 37(13):1229–1238

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Zhou S, Herzfeld T, Glauben T, Zhang Y, Hu B (2008) Factors affecting Chinese farmers’ decisions to adopt a water-saving technology. Can J Agric Econ 56:51–61

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Anjani Kumar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kumar, A., Singh, R.K.P., Kumar, A. et al. Adoption of Modern Rice Cultivation Practices in Bihar, India: Micro-level Evidences from Village-Level Studies. Agric Res 5, 433–439 (2016).

Download citation


  • Rice
  • Adoption
  • Improved seeds
  • Bihar