This study was conducted to understand the adoption of improved technologies and cultivation practices in rice production in Bihar. The study is based on the high-frequency field-level data being collected under ICAR-ICRISAT project on village dynamics studies in South Asia. The findings of the study show that the adoption of modern technology is directly related to the size of holding. The inverse relationship between productivity and farm size has ceased to operate in recent years. This study reaffirms this trend. The study suggests for designing appropriate and implementable agrarian policies with strong monitoring and evaluation framework to accelerate the speed of adoption of modern technologies to enhance rice productivity in eastern India in general and Bihar in particular.
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The VLS are longitudinal surveys initiated by ICRISAT in 1975 in six Indian villages. The surveys continued for the next 10 years, before formally closing in 1985 in response to budgetary pressure. The surveys were reopened in 2002 in the initial six villages, starting with low-frequency rounds and with higher-frequency interviews since 2005–06. Subsequently in 2010, the coverage was enhanced by including 12 villages in the eastern India with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The VLS data, however, cannot be treated as representative data for districts, states or the agro-climatic region within which the villages are located due to the relatively small sample coverage.
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Kumar, A., Singh, R.K.P., Kumar, A. et al. Adoption of Modern Rice Cultivation Practices in Bihar, India: Micro-level Evidences from Village-Level Studies. Agric Res 5, 433–439 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-016-0234-6
- Improved seeds