Agricultural Research

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 109–118 | Cite as

Citrus Greening Disease (Huanglongbing) in Florida: Economic Impact, Management and the Potential for Biological Control

  • Sergio AlvarezEmail author
  • Eric Rohrig
  • Daniel Solís
  • Michael H. Thomas


This review focuses on the impact of citrus greening disease in the state of Florida and provides information to develop an economic analysis of pest management options for the control of this disease. In doing so, we review the history, evolution and severity of citrus greening in Florida with particular emphasis on the management alternatives to combat this disease, including increased use of pesticides and classical biological control. We also discuss the institutional framework that has been set up by the state and federal agencies and the citrus industry to slow the spread of citrus greening. While the use of classical biological control for citrus psyllid has not been as successful as some other biological control programs, its implementation fits well in a mixed strategy management plan to control this disease.


Citrus Biological control Huanglongbing Disease management 



We thank Norm Leppla, Muhammad Haseeb and the participants at the 2015 Southern Agricultural Economics Association annual meetings for useful comments and suggestions. This project has been funded in part by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Program.


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Copyright information

© NAAS (National Academy of Agricultural Sciences) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Alvarez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eric Rohrig
    • 2
  • Daniel Solís
    • 3
  • Michael H. Thomas
    • 3
  1. 1.Office of Policy and Budget, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer ServicesTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer ServicesGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Agribusiness Program, College of Agriculture and Food SciencesFlorida A&M UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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