Apyrexia is increasingly recognized as an indicator of inadequate inflammatory response in older patients with suspected infection. We aimed to evaluate whether temperature at admission could improve the prognostic value of the Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) for predicting in-hospital mortality after acute infection.
We created a new score, named qSOFAGE (qSOFA in GEriatrics), by adding apyrexia as an item to the existing qSOFA (+ 1 point if temperature at admission ≤ 38 °C). We compared the prognostic value of the qSOFA, the qSOFAGE and temperature at admission for predicting in-hospital mortality after acute infection in two cohorts including older patients with acute pneumonia (AP) or bacteremic urinary tract infection (UTI).
217 consecutive patients aged ≥ 75 hospitalized for AP (first cohort) and 105 for bacteremic UTI (second cohort) were recorded. Temperature at admission was strongly inversely correlated with in-hospital mortality in both cohorts (Odds Ratios per °C (95% Confidence Interval): 0.60 (0.45–0.80) and 0.46 (0.27–0.79) for AP and UTI. respectively). Adding the temperature ≤ 38 °C item to the qSOFA markedly improved its predictive value for in-hospital mortality in the two groups: C-statistics for qSOFAGE vs. qSOFA: 0.63 (0.53–0.73) vs. 0.56 (0.46–0.67) in AP cohort; 0.74 (0.58–0.89) vs. 0.69 (0.53–0.85) in UTI cohort. For patients with qSOFAGE ≥ 3, in-hospital mortality reached 37% after AP and 55% after bacteremic UTI.
Temperature at admission was strongly correlated with mortality in these two cohorts of older patients hospitalized for acute infection. The next step will be to validate this score in cohorts of older patients with suspected infection.
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The authors are grateful to Suzanne Rankin for proofreading the manuscript.
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Laborde, C., Deidda, M., Bador, J. et al. Apyrexia improves the prognostic value of quick SOFA in older patients with acute pneumonia or bacteremic urinary tract infection. Infection (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s15010-022-01953-1
- Urinary tract infection