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Infection

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 565–567 | Cite as

A case of acute hepatitis A infection in an HIV-positive patient despite complete hepatitis A vaccination

  • Carlos Fritzsche
  • M. Loebermann
  • E. C. Reisinger
Case Report

Abstract

Background

Vaccination against hepatitis A virus infection is recommended for men who have sex with men and other risk groups. The protection offered by the combined hepatitis A and B vaccine is comparable to that offered by the monovalent hepatitis A vaccine.

Case

A 38-year-old HIV-positive patient presented with right upper abdominal pain, fever and jaundice. Serological work-up and detection of hepatitis A RNA in stool sample revealed an acute hepatitis A infection despite a previous complete vaccination with the combined hepatitis A and B vaccine.

Conclusion

Although the combined hepatitis A and B vaccine is associated with very good seroconversion rates, the effectiveness in HIV-positive patients is not ensured, even in cases with CD4 cell counts of > 500/μl. Therefore, regular post-vaccine testing should be encouraged to assess seroconversion in immunocompromised subjects.

Keywords

Hepatitis A Vaccine Infection HIV 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None of the authors has a conflict of interest to declare.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of MedicineUniversity of Rostock Medical SchoolRostockGermany

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