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Cocktail Formula and Application Prospects for Oral and Maxillofacial Organoids

Abstract

Oral and maxillofacial organoids (OMOs), tiny tissues and organs derived from stem cells cultured through 3-d cell culture models, can fully summarize the cell tissue structure, physiological functions and biological characteristics of the source tissues in the body. OMOs are applied in areas such as disease modelling, developmental and regenerative medicine, drug screening, personalized treatment, etc. Although the construction of organoids in various parts of the oral and maxillofacial (OM) region has achieved considerable success, the existing cocktail formulae (construction strategies) are not widely applicable for tissues of various sources due to factors including the heterogeneity of the source tissues and the dependence on laboratory technology. Most of their formulae are based on growth factor niches containing expensive recombinant proteins with their efficiency remaining to be improved. In view of this, the cocktail formulae of various parts of the OM organs are reviewed with further discussion of the application and prospects for those OMOs to find some affordable cocktail formula with strong operability and high repeatability for various maxillofacial organs. The results may help improve the efficiency of organoid construction in the laboratory and accelerate the pace of the clinical use of organoid technology.

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MO performed the majority of the writing; QL and XL performed data acquisition; JY performed the Data interpretation and Article design; XM performed the manuscript modification and verification. JY and XM contributed equally to this work and should be considered as co-corresponding authors. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Jinguang Yao or Xiaoqiang Mo.

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Ou, M., Li, Q., Ling, X. et al. Cocktail Formula and Application Prospects for Oral and Maxillofacial Organoids. Tissue Eng Regen Med (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13770-022-00455-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13770-022-00455-3

Keywords

  • Organoids
  • Tissue scaffold
  • Oral cavity
  • Stem cells
  • Niche