Articular Cartilage Regeneration Utilizing Decellularized Human Placental Scaffold, Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Platelet Rich Plasma

Abstract

Background:

Articular cartilage repair has been a challenge in orthopedic practice due to the limited self-regenerative capability. Optimal treatment method for cartilage defects has not been defined. We investigated the effect of decellularized human placental (DHP) scaffold, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on hyaline cartilage regeneration in a rat model.

Methods:

An osteochondral defect was created in trochlea region of the femur in all groups, bilaterally. No additional procedure was performed in control group (n = 14). Only the DHP scaffold was applied to the P group (n = 14). The DHP scaffold and 1 × 106 MSCs were applied to the PS group (n = 14). The DHP scaffold and PRP were applied to the PP group (n = 14). The DHP scaffold, 1 × 106 MSCs and PRP were applied to the PSP group (n = 14). Outcome measures at 12 weeks included Pineda histology score and qualitative histology.

Results:

The mean Pineda scores of P, PS, PP, and PSP groups were significantly better than the control group (p = 0.031, p = 0.002, p < 0.001, p < 0001, respectively). There was no statistically difference in mean Pineda scores of P, PS, PP, and PSP groups (p > 0.05).

Conclusion:

In conclusion, the DHP scaffold appears to be a promising scaffold on hyaline cartilage regeneration. The augmentation of DHP scaffold with MSCs and PRP combinations did not enhance its efficacy on articular cartilage regeneration.

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C: control, P: DHP scaffold, PS: DHP scaffold and MSCs, PP: DHP scaffold and PRP, PSP: DHP scaffold, MSCs and PRP

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Acknowledgements

This study was funded by Hacettepe University Research Fund (Grant No. THD-2018-16887). Erdi Özdemir, Abdülsamet Emet and Egemen Turhan decellularized the human placenta and performed the animal experiment. Emine Kılıç and Duygu Uçkan Çetinkaya proliferated the mesenchymal stem cells used in the study. Histological analysis was performed by Ramin Hashemihesar and Ali Celalettin Sinan Yürüker. All the authors had an outstanding contribution to the design of the study, analysis of the data and writing of the report. All authors reviewed final version of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Erdi Özdemir.

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Authors have declared that there is no conflict of interest.

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The animal studies were performed after receiving approval of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) in Hacettepe University (IACUC approval No. 2017/48-07).

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Özdemir, E., Emet, A., Hashemihesar, R. et al. Articular Cartilage Regeneration Utilizing Decellularized Human Placental Scaffold, Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Platelet Rich Plasma. Tissue Eng Regen Med (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13770-020-00298-w

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Keywords

  • Cartilage
  • Placenta decellularization
  • Platelet-rich plasma
  • Mesenchymal stem cells