Skip to main content


Log in

An insight into different microplastic detection methods

  • Review
  • Published:
International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Microplastic (< 5 mm) is a worldwide threat and emerging concern that contaminates almost all environmental compartments. These pollutants possess great potential to harm living beings, and their detection is undoubtedly an essential topic of research. Scientists have rigorously worked for decades to crack the puzzle of detection drawbacks and minimize risks of producing false-positive or false-negative results. In this work, we critically review the various techniques currently used to detect microplastics in the environment. It also provides insight into various detection techniques flaws and suggests better alternatives. We review two basic detection approaches—analytical and sensor-based. Some novel and combinatory techniques have also been suggested to help crack microplastic detection issues. There is a critical need to extensively understand these polymer types to curb the threat of its global exposure to human health.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


Download references


The authors are highly grateful to Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan, H.P., India for their support in helping us accomplish this review.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



A.B, A.S, S.S and R.N participated in the study design, preparation and finalization of the manuscript. All the authors have read and approved the last article.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to R. Nagraik.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors do not have any conflict of interest.

Additional information

Editorial responsibility: Samareh Mirkia.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Baruah, A., Sharma, A., Sharma, S. et al. An insight into different microplastic detection methods. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 19, 5721–5730 (2022).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: