Comparative study of the international legal system of biodiversity conservation and the Iranian legal system of biodiversity conservation

  • M. Homauoni
  • M. PournouriEmail author
  • S. A. Poorhashemi
  • D. Karimi


Nowadays, the environmental changes are witnessed at their highest rate. The most significant changes are gene deterioration, reduction of species and loss of biodiversity in communities. Biodiversity constitutes the essential basis for life on the Earth, providing various functions and values. It also includes all species, ecosystems and ecological processes, and therefore has its own economic value. During the last 30 years, globalization of the environment has made many institutes and legal instruments focus on conservation of biodiversity. Due to the imminent crisis in biodiversity conservation, there is an urgent need to improve the legal framework for this matter at three national, regional and international levels. Notably, many countries have conducted some comparative studies to amend their existing laws with the new ones at the international level. Considering the international studies and their correspondence to internal laws, development of an integrated and compatible approach to the biodiversity protection seems to be essential. This review aims at studying the Iranian laws and regulations governing the biodiversity conservation along with examination of the most prominent conventions on biodiversity in the world.


Biodiversity International environmental laws Convention on Biodiversity Comparative study Iranian domestic law 



The authors wish to sincerely appreciate all who assisted in accomplishment of this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author, on behalf of all co-authors, declares that the presented work has no conflicts of interests that are directly or indirectly related to it.


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Homauoni
    • 1
  • M. Pournouri
    • 2
    Email author
  • S. A. Poorhashemi
    • 3
    • 4
  • D. Karimi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Law, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Law, Central Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Law, Faculty of Environment and Energy, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  4. 4.Center for the Study of International Law and GlobalizationUniversity of Quebec in Montreal (UQAM)MontrealCanada

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