Treatment of emulsion oil using tannic acid/tetraethylenepentamine-supported polymeric membrane

Abstract

In the present study, a facile coating deposition method has been used to modify PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) membrane for the separation of emulsion oil. Natural polyphenol (tannic acid) and tetraethylenepentamine were employed to prepare PVDF-modified membrane which shows improved hydrophilicity and underwater oleophobic property as compared to native PVDF membrane. The effects of mass ratio, phenolic concentration and coating time onto porous membrane were investigated to achieve optimum efficiency of membrane. Significant chemical stability of the modified membrane established its applicability for water flux permeation and separation of emulsion oil.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation Malaysia (MOSTI) (E-Science Fund Grant) (305/PJKIMIA/6013394) for the financial support. Faraziehan Senusi gratefully acknowledges the financial support from Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) and Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) for her study leave.

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Correspondence to M. Shahadat.

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Editorial responsibility: M. Abbaspour.

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Senusi, F., Shahadat, M. & Ismail, S. Treatment of emulsion oil using tannic acid/tetraethylenepentamine-supported polymeric membrane. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 16, 8255–8266 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-019-02233-6

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Keywords

  • Modified membrane
  • Polyphenolic coating
  • Hydrophilicity
  • Characterization
  • Emulsion oil
  • Water treatment