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Removal of diazinon pesticide from aqueous solutions using MCM-41 type materials: isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics

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Abstract

In this research, ordered mesoporous silica, including MCM-41, was synthesized via sol–gel process and a propyl methacrylate-modified ordered mesoporous silica (MPS-MCM-41) was successfully synthesized via a postsynthesis grafting process. Then both MCM-41 and MPS-MCM-41 were characterized using FTIR, XRD, SEM and BET techniques. The synthesized materials were utilized as adsorbent for removal of diazinon pesticide from aqueous solutions. The effects of pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, initial concentration and temperature have been evaluated using removal efficiencies. Also, the kinetic, thermodynamic and isotherm models of diazinon adsorption were studied for the both MCM-41 and MPS-MCM-41. The results showed that the maximum adsorption capacities are 142 and 254 mg g−1 for the MCM-41 and MPS-MCM-41, respectively, at the initial concentration of 50 mg L−1, temperature of 298 K and adsorbent dose of 0.1 g L−1. The highest percentages of diazinon removal are 56.4 and 87.2 (at adsorbent dose of 2 g L−1 and the temperature of 318 K) for the MCM-41 and MPS-MCM-41, respectively. The Freundlich and Langmuir models are more compatible for describing equilibrium data of the diazinon adsorption capacity on the MCM-41 and MPS-MCM-41, respectively. Thermodynamic study indicated that the adsorption process of diazinon onto MCM-41 and MPS-MCM-41 is exothermic and has a spontaneous nature. The higher adsorption capacity and higher spontaneous nature of MPS-MCM-41 in comparison with MCM-41 might be due to the presence of the both hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction between surface functional groups of MPS-MCM-41 (hydroxyl and propyl methacrylate) and diazinon functional groups.

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Acknowledgements

Authors are grateful to council of Tehran North Branch of Islamic Azad University, Iran, and Applied Biotechnology Research Center, Baqiyatallah Medical Science University, Iran, for providing financial support to undertake this work.

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Correspondence to K. Tahvildari.

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Editorial responsibility: Agnieszka Galuszka

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Amani, M.A., Latifi, A.M., Tahvildari, K. et al. Removal of diazinon pesticide from aqueous solutions using MCM-41 type materials: isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 15, 1301–1312 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-017-1469-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-017-1469-x

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