Desulfurization of gasoline using acrylonitrile electrospun nanofibers and lead nanoparticles
- 136 Downloads
An adsorbent-based acrylonitrile-co-butadiene-co-styrene, polyacrylonitrile and lead nanoparticles blend were prepared using electrospinning process. Its application was investigated for the removal of sulfur from gasoline. The nanofiber was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, BET and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. BET analysis indicated that the specific surface areas of lead-loaded nanofibers were increased with adding the content of lead nanoparticles. The results of field emission scanning electron microscopy characterization showed that the lead nanoparticles were successfully loaded on the nanofibers uniformly. Gas chromatography-mass results also revealed that lead-loaded nanofiber was a useful adsorbent for the desulfurization of gasoline. The effects of experimental parameters on the extraction efficiency of the sorbent were investigated too. The removal efficiency and adsorbent capacity were found to be 93.31%, 31.4 mg S/g, respectively, for the removal dibenzothiophene in the 10 mL n-hexane solvent.
KeywordsElectrospinning Adsorption Dibenzothiophene Polyacrylonitrile
Sulfur concentration in the primary solution (ppm)
Sulfur concentration at the equilibrium status (ppm)
Adsorbent mass (g)
Adsorption capacity of DBT on PAN–ABS–Pb and PAN–ABS nanofibers (mg/g adsorbent)
Removal efficiency of DBT (%)
Volume of the utilized solution (L)
The authors wish to thank Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) Research Council (Grant Number 1394) and the Center of Excellency in Applied Nanotechnology for supporting this work.
- Corma A, Chane-Ching J, Airiau M, Martínez C (2004) Synthesis and catalytic properties of thermally and hydrothermally stable, high-surface-area SiO2–CeO2 mesostructured composite materials and their application for the removal of sulfur compounds from gasoline. J Catal 224:441–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Fan Y, Wei Z, Hui-min H, Zhen-yu L, Hong-nan Z, Wei W, Ce W (2010) Decoration of electrospun nanofibers with magnetic nanoparticles via electrospinning and sol-gel process. Chem Res Chin Univ 26:847–850Google Scholar
- Neher B, Gafur MA, Al-Mansur MA, Bhuiyan MMR, Qadir MR, Ahmed F (2014) Investigation of the surface morphology and structural characterization of palm fiber reinforced acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PF-ABS) composites. Mater Sci Appl 5:378–386Google Scholar