Biosorption of lead from acid solution using chitosan as a supporting material for spore forming-fungal biomass encapsulation

  • W. Lang
  • W. Buranaboripan
  • J. Wongchawalit
  • P. Parakulsuksatid
  • W. Vanichsriratana
  • N. Sakairi
  • W. Pathom-aree
  • S. Sirisansaneeyakul
Original Paper


Asexual spores of the filamentous fungus Rhizopus arrhizus were used as the resting biomass as they tolerate chitosan gelling for mycelia growing in chitosan beads. Biosorption of lead using the dead detergent pre-treated chitosan-immobilised and grown fungal beads was performed with initial lead (II) nitrate concentrations ranging from 9.02 to 281.65 mg/L. The adsorption data were best correlated with equilibrium adsorption isotherms in the order Redlich–Peterson, Langmuir, Freundlich and Fritz–Schlünder by non-linear regression. The biosorption kinetic model of pseudo second-order (R2 > 0.99) fitted better than pseudo first-order and modified pseudo first-order models. Among the four pseudo second-order kinetic models, the Blanchard model was the best fit for the experimental biosorption data. The rate-limiting step of biosorption of lead was shown to be intraparticle diffusion controlled according to Weber and Morris model fitting. The beads could be regenerated using 1 M nitric acid solution. This illustrated the good performance of the beads for regenerated sorption/desorption at least five cycles.


Adsorption kinetics Detergent Diffusion model Heavy metal Lead (II) Regeneration Rhizopus arrhizus 


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Copyright information

© CEERS, IAU 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Lang
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. Buranaboripan
    • 3
    • 4
  • J. Wongchawalit
    • 1
  • P. Parakulsuksatid
    • 6
    • 7
  • W. Vanichsriratana
    • 6
    • 7
  • N. Sakairi
    • 4
  • W. Pathom-aree
    • 5
  • S. Sirisansaneeyakul
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Liberal Arts and ScienceKasetsart UniversityNakhonpathomThailand
  2. 2.Laboratory of Molecular Enzymology, Research Faculty of AgricultureHokkaido UniversityKita-kuJapan
  3. 3.Department of Science, Faculty of Liberal Arts and ScienceKasetsart UniversityNakhonpathomThailand
  4. 4.Graduate School of Environmental ScienceHokkaido UniversityKita-kuJapan
  5. 5.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceChiang Mai UniversityChiang MaiThailand
  6. 6.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Agro-IndustryKasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand
  7. 7.Center for Advanced Studies in Tropical Natural ResourcesNational Research University-Kasetsart University, Kasetsart UniversityChatuchakThailand

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